Transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation in children and adolescents with functional constipation: A protocol for an interventional study.

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Summary of "Transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation in children and adolescents with functional constipation: A protocol for an interventional study."

A vast majority of children with functional constipation respond to the standard medical treatment. However, a subset of patients may present with an unsatisfactory response and only minor improvement of symptoms. Transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) involves electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve at the level of the ankle, transcutaneously through electrodes fixated on the overlying skin. Stimulation of the tibial nerve can modulate urinary and defecatory function through the stimulation of sacral nerves. Thus, transcutaneous PTNS can be considered a very promising, noninvasive, and safe method to be used in the pediatric age group. However, there is still no published study that has investigated its use in children for the treatment of intestinal constipation. This is a single-center, prospective, longitudinal, and interventional study designed to assess the applicability and clinical outcomes of transcutaneous PTNS in children with functional intestinal constipation. Children will be submitted to daily sessions of transcutaneous PTNS for a period of 4 weeks. All children will also be invited to participate in semistructured interviews, 1 in each of the 3 assessments: 1 week before the start of the intervention; immediately after the 4 weeks of intervention; and 4 weeks after the end of the intervention period. In these interviews, the aspects related to bowel habits and quality of life will be assessed. This project aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of transcutaneous PTNS in children with functional intestinal constipation and the applicability of this kind of treatment.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine
ISSN: 1536-5964
Pages: e17755


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)

Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)

Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel's sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)

The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.

The use of specifically placed small electrodes to deliver electrical impulses across the SKIN to relieve PAIN. It is used less frequently to produce ANESTHESIA.

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