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Conventional methods have limitations in measuring femoral neck torsion angle (FNTA) of patients with femoral deformities. A new method of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technology based on computer tomography (CT) was proposed to enhance measurement accuracy and applicability in this study.Bilateral FNTA of 50 developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) patients (DDH group) and 81 volunteers (normal group) were measured by Mimics software based on CT data with the marker lines determined by centerline and curvature. Each FNTA was measured by observer A and observer B for twice separately. 50 DDH patients were classified into 3 groups (group I, II, III) according to Hartofilakidis classification. The statistical analysis of the differences was made among the measurements of the FNTA.The FNTA values were 27.56° ± 12.48° in DDH group and 21.22° ± 8.14° in normal group with significant difference (t = 4.516, P < .001). The FNTA values were 24.53° ± 2.40° in group I, 29.78° ± 1.83° in group II and 39.08° ± 3.13° in group III, with significant difference (F = 7.568, P = .001).The accuracy, reliability and applicable scope of FNTA measurement can be improved by 3D reconstruction in clinical practice. The applicable scope of this method included normal people and patients with femoral deformities. The FNTA of DDH patients is significantly larger than normal volunteers with a positive correlation between the severity of classification. This study will also provide references for preoperative design of Chinese population.
This article was published in the following journal.
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