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Measurement of proximal tibial morphology in northeast Chinese population based on three-dimensional reconstruction computer tomography.

08:00 EDT 1st November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Measurement of proximal tibial morphology in northeast Chinese population based on three-dimensional reconstruction computer tomography."

Tibial component of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is designed according to morphology of proximal tibia to a large extent. Owing to racial difference, current design of tibial component based on Caucasian may not be suitable for Chinese patients. Meanwhile, data of proximal tibial morphology in Chinese population is lacking. The objective of this research was to investigate proximal tibial morphology of northeast Chinese population.Computer tomography (CT) image of 164 northeast Chinese participants was collected. After three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, size of tibia plateau and TKA resected surface were gauged to guide the design of TKA tibia prothesis in northeast Chinese population. Measurement of tibial size mainly includes tibial mediolateral length (tML), tibial medial/lateral anteroposterior length (tMAP and tLAP). Afterwards, tML/tAP ratio of tibia plateau and TKA resected surface were calculated as feature point of tibia prothesis. tMAP/tLAP ratio of TKA resected surface was calculated to represent tibial asymmetry degree. Medial and lateral posterior tibial slope (MPTS and LPTS) were also measured to give reference to posterior angle of tibia prothesis and angle of tibia osteotomy in TKA. Independent sample t test was performed to conduct statistical analysis, P < .05 was regarded as statistically significance.Northeast Chinese male has larger knee size than female. Significant difference of tML/tAP ratio was also observed between male and female on tibia plateau (1.71 ± 0.07 vs 1.77 ± 0.09) but not on TKA resected surface (1.60 ± 0.05 versus 1.61 ± 0.06). Significant difference of tMAP/tLAP ratio between male and female was also found and they were 1.31 ± 1.03 and 1.11 ± 0.05 respectively. Northeast Chinese female has higher PTS than male (
MPTS:
9.56 ± 2.96° vs 8.81 ± 2.87° and
LPTS:
8.57 ± 3.19° vs 8.44 ± 2.76°).Significant gender-difference of tibial size and asymmetry degree of tibial resected surface were found between northeast Chinese male and female. Meanwhile, northeast Chinese population has smaller knee size, larger PTS and tML/tAP ratio than that of Caucasian population. Therefore, Chinese-specific and gender-specific tibial prostheses were strongly recommended to be designed.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine
ISSN: 1536-5964
Pages: e17508

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