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Prolyl-tRNA synthetase (PRS) is a member of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family that drives protein translation in cells. The apicomplexan PRSs are validated targets of febrifugine (FF) and its halogenated derivative halofuginone (HF). PRSs are of great interest for drug development against Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii. In this study, structures of apo and FF-bound T. gondii (TgPRS) are revealed and the dynamic nature of the conformational changes that occur upon FF binding is unraveled. In addition, this study highlights significant conformational plasticity within two different crystal structures of apo PRSs but not within drug-bound PRSs. The apo PRSs exist in multi-conformational states and manifest pseudo-dimeric structures. In contrast, when FF is bound the PRS dimer adopts a highly symmetrical architecture. It is shown that TgPRS does not display extant fold switching, in contrast to P. falciparum PRS, despite having over 65% sequence identity. Finally, structure-comparison analyses suggest the utility of r.m.s.d. per residue (r.m.s.d.) as a robust tool to detect structural alterations even when the r.m.s.d. is low. Apo TgPRS reveals FF/HF-induced rigidity and this work has implications for drug-design studies that rely on the apo structures of target proteins.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology communications
Toxoplasma gondii typically causes lifelong chronic infection and has been identified in a variety of intermediate and definitive hosts. Felids are capable of serving as both intermediate and definite...
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular opportunistic parasite that is the causative agent of toxoplasmosis. This parasite accounts for mental disorders; however, the relationship b...
Identification of drug target in protozoan T. gondii is an important step in the development of chemotherapeutic agents. Likewise, exploring phytochemical compounds effective against the parasite can ...
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Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an obligate intracellular protozoan able to infect humans and it is common in pregnant women. During pregnancy and lactation, there are changes in the concentration of...
To evaluate pyrimethamine as a prophylactic agent against toxoplasmic encephalitis in individuals who are coinfected with HIV and latent Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmic encephalitis is a m...
We investigate whether the add-on specific antitoxoplasmatic medication has positive effects in individuals with schizophrenia or major depression seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii (TG) i...
To compare pyrimethamine and intravenous (IV) clindamycin vs. pyrimethamine and sulfonamides in the treatment of AIDS patients with central nervous system (CNS) Toxoplasma gondii.
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A macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens. The drug is effective against gram-positive aerobic pathogens, N. gonorrhoeae, and staphylococci. It is used to treat infections caused by bacteria and Toxoplasma gondii.
The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.
A genus of protozoa parasitic to birds and mammals. T. gondii is one of the most common infectious pathogenic animal parasites of man.
Infections of the BRAIN caused by the protozoan TOXOPLASMA gondii that primarily arise in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES (see also AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS). The infection may involve the brain diffusely or form discrete abscesses. Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp41-3)
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
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Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...