An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations."

Gamma oscillations in visual cortex have been hypothesized to be critical for perception, cognition, and information transfer. However, observations of these oscillations in visual cortex vary widely; some studies report little to no stimulus-induced narrowband gamma oscillations, others report oscillations for only some stimuli, and yet others report large oscillations for most stimuli. To better understand this signal, we developed a model that predicts gamma responses for arbitrary images and validated this model on electrocorticography (ECoG) data from human visual cortex. The model computes variance across the outputs of spatially pooled orientation channels, and accurately predicts gamma amplitude across 86 images. Gamma responses were large for a small subset of stimuli, differing dramatically from fMRI and ECoG broadband (non-oscillatory) responses. We propose that gamma oscillations in visual cortex serve as a biomarker of gain control rather than being a fundamental mechanism for communicating visual information.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: eLife
ISSN: 2050-084X


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [14429 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Posterior Alpha and Gamma Oscillations Index Divergent and Superadditive Effects of Cognitive Interference.

Conflicts at various stages of cognition can cause interference effects on behavior. Two well-studied forms of cognitive interference are stimulus-stimulus (e.g., Flanker), where the conflict arises f...

Human visual cortical gamma reflects natural image structure.

Many studies have reported visual cortical gamma-band activity related to stimulus processing and cognition. Most respective studies used artificial stimuli, and the few studies that used natural stim...

The critical role of persistent sodium current in hippocampal gamma oscillations.

Gamma network oscillations in the brain are fast rhythmic network oscillations in the gamma frequency range (∼30-100 Hz), playing key roles in the hippocampus for learning, memory, and spatial pro...

The novel antipsychotic cariprazine stabilizes gamma oscillations in rat hippocampal slices.

Gamma oscillations are fast rhythmic fluctuations of neuronal network activity ranging from 30 to 90 Hz that establish a precise temporal background for cognitive processes such as perception, sensory...

Children with cerebral palsy display altered neural oscillations within the visual MT/V5 cortices.

Cortical visual processing in visual MT/V5 is necessary for tracking movement and performing reliable visuomotor transformations. Although the role of this cortical area is well recognized, the activi...

Clinical Trials [4035 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of Changing Physiological Conditions on Myogenic Oscillations: Pilot Study

Spontaneous myogenic oscillations will be studied under general anesthesia using finger photoplethysmography. This pilot study will explore potential physiological conditions that will eff...

Low Dose Intravenous Ketamine in Treatment Resistant Depression Patients

The present proposal aims to combine state-of-the-art integrated transcranial brain stimulation, electroencephalographic recording techniques with genetics and computational modeling to un...

rTMS Treatment for Cannabis Use Disorders in Psychosis

Cannabis use during adolescence represents a significant risk factor for the development of psychosis including schizophrenia. Moreover, cannabis is the most commonly used drug among patie...

Cognitive Dysfunction in MS: Using Altered Brain Oscillation to Link Molecular Mechanisms With Clinical Outcomes

Up to 65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience cognitive dysfunction. Diminution of mental capacity has a pervasive and profound impact on their quality of life. Subtle chan...

Modulating Pain Using Transcranial Alternating Stimulation (tACS) in Healthy Human Subjects

Pain is a highly complex and subjective phenomenon which results from the dynamic integration of sensory and contextual (i.e. cognitive, emotional, and motivational) processes. Recent evid...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The tendency to react to stimuli that are different from, but somewhat similar to, the stimulus used as a conditioned stimulus.

A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.

Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.

The directional growth of an organism in response to an external stimulus such as light, touch, or gravity. Growth towards the stimulus is a positive tropism; growth away from the stimulus is a negative tropism. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)

Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article