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African plants with antidiabetic potentials: Beyond glycaemic control to central nervous system benefits.

07:00 EST 5th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "African plants with antidiabetic potentials: Beyond glycaemic control to central nervous system benefits."

For centuries, humans have used medicinal plants in the management of both acute and chronic diseases. Currently, the practice of using medicinal plants to manage diseases is becoming increasingly-common; especially in medium to low-income economies where the cost of, or ease of access to orthodox medications are limitations to their effective and sustained use. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease whose prevalence continues to increase worldwide. An aspect of diabetes mellitus that causes significant morbidity is its neurological complications, which are known to be associated with an enormous economic burden and reduction in quality of life.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current diabetes reviews
ISSN: 1875-6417
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Depolarization of membrane potentials at the SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES of target neurons during neurotransmission. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials can singly or in summation reach the trigger threshold for ACTION POTENTIALS.

The recorded electrical responses from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported. Often used synonymously to event-related potentials which are associated with higher level cognitive processes.

A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.

Postsynaptic potentials generated from a release of neurotransmitters from a presynaptic nerve terminal in the absence of an ACTION POTENTIAL. They may be m.e.p.p.s (miniature EXCITATORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS) or m.i.p.p.s (miniature INHIBITORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS).

Hyperpolarization of membrane potentials at the SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES of target neurons during NEUROTRANSMISSION. They are local changes which diminish responsiveness to excitatory signals.

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