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Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Use Near the End of Life: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Use Near the End of Life: A Single-Center Retrospective Study."

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized treatment for many patients with advanced cancer. Little is known about ICI use near the end of life. To describe ICI use near the end of life. Retrospective study of patients who received ICIs and died. Patients treated with ICIs who died between August 2014 and December 2018 ( = 441) at the University of Iowa. Comparisons were made between patients who received ICIs ≤30 days versus patients who received ICIs >30 days before death. The same analysis was done using a cutoff of 90 days. Two hundred ninety-four (67%) patients received ICIs in the last 90 days of life and 117 (27%) patients received ICIs in the last 30 days of life. Patients who received ICIs in the last 30 days of life received fewer mean doses and more often ≤3 total doses. They also had higher mean Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores, more patients with ECOG ≥3, higher rates of dying in the hospital, and lower hospice enrollment. Patients treated with ICIs in the last 90 days of life received fewer doses, more often ≤3 total doses, had a higher mean ECOG score, more patients with ECOG ≥3, and lower hospice enrollment. $7.1 million USD was spent on ICI medications in the last 90 days of life. ICI use near the end of life is associated with poor performance status, lower hospice enrollment, dying in the hospital, financial toxicity, and minimal clinical benefit.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of palliative medicine
ISSN: 1557-7740
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