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The use of human biological materials (HBMs) involves a number of issues from both an ethical and a legal point of view. In recent decades, the purposes for which this material has been used have increased. The development of therapeutic products has led to the configuration of a market in which products have acquired an economic value. As soon as the private sector crosses the threshold of access to the use of human cells and tissues, a conflict may arise between the altruistic principles motivating the act of donation and the profit-making objectives . When donated material emerges from the public management setting and becomes a source of profit, the instrument of informed consent may not adequately protect the dignity of the donors. In the era of medical biotechnology revolution, any use of the donated material must be justified and consistent with the values motivating the act of donation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New bioethics : a multidisciplinary journal of biotechnology and the body
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The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.
Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Antibodies Antisense Assays Biochips Bioinformatics Biological Therapy Biomarkers Biomaterials Bioscience Cell Culture Cloning Cytokine Diagnostics Dna Extraction Dna Sequencing Dna Transform...
Bioscience - any of the sciences that deal with living organisms. The study of the nature, behavior, and uses of living organisms as applied to biology. Any of the branches of natural science dealing with living things, such as their structure, b...