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Our society celebrates failure as a teachable moment. Yet in five studies (total = 1,674), failure did the opposite: It undermined learning. Across studies, participants answered binary-choice questions, following which they were told they answered correctly (success feedback) or incorrectly (failure feedback). Both types of feedback conveyed the correct answer, because there were only two answer choices. However, on a follow-up test, participants learned less from failure feedback than from success feedback. This effect was replicated across professional, linguistic, and social domains-even when learning from failure was less cognitively taxing than learning from success and even when learning was incentivized. Participants who received failure feedback also remembered fewer of their answer choices. Why does failure undermine learning? Failure is ego threatening, which causes people to tune out. Participants learned less from personal failure than from personal success, yet they learned just as much from other people's failure as from others' success. Thus, when ego concerns are muted, people tune in and learn from failure.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychological science
Data regarding risk of failure of non-operative management in spinal epidural abscess (SEA) are limited. Given the potential for deterioration with treatment failure, a tool that predicts the probabil...
This study sought to develop models for predicting mortality and heart failure (HF) hospitalization for outpatients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the TOPCAT (Treatment of Preserv...
This review highlights recent advances in the diagnosis and management of children with heart failure. We emphasize the clinical approach to patient care in the areas of acute decompensated heart fail...
Receiving feedback from neural activity, dubbed neurofeedback, can reinforce brain self-regulation. In a real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment, healthy participants receive...
The main aim of the present report is to describe our learning curve in microsurgery and how we solved the problems that frequently occur during the first phases of this learning curve. We analyzed th...
This study is designed to determine if a relationship exists between problems with memory, attention, learning, insight and executive function and self management in heart failure.
This study was designed to determine if patients, who have both high blood pressure and heart failure and are currently receiving drug treatment for heart failure, have an improvement in t...
1. To Identify the role of aldosterone antagonist in patients of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. 2. Portray the health profile of heart failure patients admitted in...
Cardiac Heart Failure Questionnaire HF-Q) to assess the severity of the symptoms of Heart Failure. In this study, modified and translated, the "four-point" questionnaire by Severo and his ...
This is a multi-center, non-randomized, non-interventional study to evaluate the accuracy of a remote monitoring and analytical platform for prediction of heart failure exacerbation. The p...
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.
Sudden liver failure in the presence of underlying compensated chronic LIVER DISEASE (e.g., LIVER CIRRHOSIS; HEPATITIS; and liver injury and failure) due to a precipitating acute hepatic insult.