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Survival in sarcoma patients depends on a range of prognostic factors. An association between cancer survival and socioeconomic position is known for several other cancers. We therefore examined the relations between three socioeconomic factors and risk of presenting with known tumour related prognostic factors, and the overall mortality of the different socioeconomic and prognostic factors in 1919 patients diagnosed with sarcoma in Denmark 2000-2013. Patients with sarcoma in extremities or trunk wall aged 30 years or more at diagnosis were identified in the Danish Sarcoma Registry and linked on an individual level to Danish national registries. We obtained data on educational level, disposable income and cohabitation status. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated for the association between the socioeconomic factors and grade, stage and tumour size. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard models. In adjusted analyses, educational level, income and cohabitation status were not associated with high grade or dissiminated stage at time of diagnosis. However, living alone was statistically significantly associated with having a large soft tissue sarcoma (≥5 cm) at time of diagnosis (OR 1.51; CI1.12-2.03). The overall mortality was statistically significantly increased in the group of patients with ≤10 years of education (HR 1.27; CI 1.02-1.57), in patients with the 20% lowest income (HR 1.30; CI 1.00-1.67) and nearly in patients living alone (HR 1.16; CI 0.99-1.36). In this nationwide, multicentre, population-based study, soft tissue sarcoma patients living alone had greater risk of having a large tumour at time of diagnosis. Soft tissue and bone sarcoma patients with a short education, low income, or living alone, had a higher mortality. This might indicate that the social differences in mortality might be related to treatment aspects and the biology of the disease rather that the diagnostic process.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
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The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
The stage in the first meiotic prophase, following ZYGOTENE STAGE, when CROSSING OVER between homologous CHROMOSOMES begins.
A tumor of both low- and high-grade malignancy. The low-grade grow slowly, appear in any age group, and are readily cured by excision. The high-grade behave aggressively, widely infiltrate the salivary gland and produce lymph node and distant metastases. Mucoepidermoid carcinomas account for about 21% of the malignant tumors of the parotid gland and 10% of the sublingual gland. They are the most common malignant tumor of the parotid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p575; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1240)
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or BODY FLUIDS. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including HORMONES; ANTIGENS; amino and NUCLEIC ACIDS; ENZYMES; POLYAMINES; and specific CELL MEMBRANE PROTEINS and LIPIDS.
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