Topics

Participant-level characteristics differ by recruitment setting when evaluating a behavioral intervention targeting adolescents with asthma.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Participant-level characteristics differ by recruitment setting when evaluating a behavioral intervention targeting adolescents with asthma."

The recruitment setting plays a key role in the evaluation of behavioral interventions. We evaluated a behavioral intervention for urban adolescents with asthma in three randomized trials conducted separately in three different settings over the course of 8 years. We hypothesized that characteristics of trial participants recruited from the ED and clinic settings would be significantly different from that of youth participating in the school-based trials. The intervention evaluated was Puff City, a web-based program that uses tailoring to improve asthma management behaviors. The present analysis includes youth aged 13-19 years who reported a physician diagnosis of asthma and symptoms at trial baseline. In the three trials, all participants were randomized post-baseline to a web-based, tailored intervention (treatment) or generic web-based asthma education (control). Compared to school-based trial participants, ED participants had significantly more acute-care visits for asthma (p < 0.001) and more caregiver depression (p < 0.001). Clinic-based participants were more likely to have computer/internet access than participants from the school-based trial (p < 0.001). Both ED and clinic participants were more likely to report controller medication (p's < 0.001) and higher teen emotional support (p's < 0.01) when compared to the schools, but were less likely to report Medicaid (p's < 0.014) and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (p < 0.001).Compared to participants in the school-based trials, participants recruited from ED and clinic settings differed significantly in terms of healthcare use, as well as psychosocial and sociodemographic factors. These factors can inform intervention content, and may impact external validity of behavioral interventions for asthma.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
ISSN: 1532-4303
Pages: 1-13

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18329 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Use of Electronic Health Records to Develop and Implement a Silent Best Practice Alert Notification System for Patient Recruitment in Clinical Research: Quality Improvement Initiative.

Participant recruitment, especially for frail, elderly, hospitalized patients, remains one of the greatest challenges for many research groups. Traditional recruitment methods such as chart reviews ar...

An ecological approach to monitor geographic disparities in cancer outcomes.

Area-level indices are widely used to assess the impact of socio-environmental characteristics on cancer outcomes. While area-level measures of socioeconomic status (SES) have been previously used in ...

Factors associated with recruitment to randomised controlled trials in general practice: protocol for a systematic review.

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are frequently unable to recruit sufficient numbers of participants. This affects the trial's ability to answer the proposed research question, wastes resources and...

Health Research Using Facebook to Identify and Recruit Pregnant Women Who Use Electronic Cigarettes: Internet-Based Nonrandomized Pilot Study.

Participant recruitment is often a challenge, particularly enrolling individuals with relatively rare characteristics. The wide reach of social media may provide a mechanism to overcome these challeng...

Using behaviour change theory to inform an innovative digital recruitment strategy in a mental health research setting.

Recruitment in mental health research is challenging, as some disorders such as depression or schizophrenia may involve vulnerable participants that lack motivation as part of their illness. A mental ...

Clinical Trials [12488 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Observational Study Evaluating Rituximab Use and Use of the Patient Alert Card in Participants Receiving Rituximab Infusion for a Non-Oncology Indication at Infusion Centers in Europe

This study is to characterize the indications for which rituximab is being used and to evaluate the use of the Patient Alert Card (PAC) in participants receiving the medication for non-onc...

Post-Treatment Effects of Naltrexone

The aims of this protocol are to compare 3 and 6 months of naltrexone treatment coupled with two psychotherapies that differ in scope and intensity. The effect of these treatments will be...

Role of Lung Ultrasound In Assessment Of Recruitment Maneuvers In Ventilated Preterms With Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Its Correlation With Tracheal IL-6 Level

This work is designed to: 1. Evaluate the efficacy of lung ultrasonography in detecting opening and closing lung pressures in ventilated preterm neonates with respiratory distress ...

Registry for Asthma Characterization and Recruitment 2

There is a need for people to take part in research studies to learn more about diseases and how to treat them. The Registry for Asthma Characterization and Recruitment 2 (RACR2) will crea...

Recruitment of Patients Through Invitation Letters

Recruitment of patients with schizophrenia to clinical trials is difficult and in an ongoing project different methods of recruitment have been used in order to recruit. One of the methods...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Repeated reports by a research participant of symptoms, affect, behavior, and cognition close in time to experience and in the participant's natural environment.

A method of examining and setting levels of payments.

Tests for measuring loudness recruitment.

Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.

Medical and skilled nursing services provided to patients who are not in an acute phase of an illness but who require a level of care higher than that provided in a long-term care setting. (JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Asthma
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal.  When you come into contact with something that irritates your...

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...


Searches Linking to this Article