Topics

The Protective Effects of Thymosin-β-4 in a Rat Model of Ischemic Acute Kidney Injury.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Protective Effects of Thymosin-β-4 in a Rat Model of Ischemic Acute Kidney Injury."

Despite the progress in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI), current curative approaches fail to provide adequate treatment. In this study, we aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of thymosin-β-4(Tβ4) on an ischemic AKI model in rats. Rats were randomly assigned into four groups ( 8/group): The control group (sham-operated), the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) group; renal ischemia (90 min) by infrarenal abdominal aortic occlusion followed by reperfusion (3 h), the Tβ4 + I/R group; treated with Tβ4 before I/R, and the I/Tβ4/R group; treated with Tβ4 just before reperfusion. Besides renal function determination (creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)); histological evaluation was also conducted. Renal tissue caspase-9, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-9) activities, and hyaluronan levels were measured. Additionally, renal tissue oxidative stress (lipid hydroperoxide, malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathione, pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance, ferric reducing antioxidant power, nitric oxide), inflammation (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, nuclear factor-κβ) were evaluated. I/R increased the level of caspase-9, MMP-9 activity, and hyaluronan ( 0.001) and these were significantly decreased in both Tβ4 groups. Moreover, I/R led to increases in oxidative stress and inflammation parameters ( 0.001) while the levels of antioxidants were decreased. Nevertheless, Tβ4 in both groups were able to restore oxidative stress and inflammation parameters. Furthermore, Tβ4 attenuated histologic injury caused by I/R ( 0.01) and diminished serum urea-creatinine levels ( 0.001). These results suggest that Tβ4 has significant improving effects in ischemic acute kidney injury. This beneficial effect might be a result of the inhibition of extracellular matrix remodeling and apoptosis cascade via modulation in renal redox status and inflammation.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
ISSN: 1521-0553
Pages: 1-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [33905 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Protective effects of polygalasaponin F on oxidative stress and apoptosis-induced ischemic myocardial injury in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of polygalasaponin F on ischemic myocardial injury in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. A primary in-vitro myocardial cell oxygen-...

A feasibility study of using noninvasive renal oxygenation imaging for the early assessment of ischemic acute kidney injury in an embolization model.

To investigate the feasibility of using MRI based oxygenation imaging for early assessment of ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) in an embolization model.

Protection against acute kidney injury is afforded by 14, 15 epoxy-eicosatrienoicacid (EET) analog - a potential druggable pathway.

Acute kidney injury and kidney failure are major clinical challenges. In the study by Hoff et al. published in Acta Physiologica , a stable analog of 14, 15 epoxy-eicosatrienoicacid (EET), a cytochro...

Berberine and Pentoxifylline: A novel combination in amelioration of acute kidney injury.

To evaluate the nephro-protective effects of berberine and/or pentoxifylline on the reduction of diclofenac-induced acute kidney injury in rats.

Effect of Acetyl-L-carnitine Used for Protection of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury on Acute Kidney Changes in Male and Female Rats.

Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a common cause of brain injury in infants. Acute kidney injury frequently occurs after birth asphyxia and is associated with adverse outcome. Treatment with acetyl-L-...

Clinical Trials [17723 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of the Protective Effect of Desflurane and Propofol in Patients With Renal Transplantation

Ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury is the major cause of early renal dysfunction and acute renal failure of the transplanted kidney after renal transplantation. In 1986, Murry et al. describ...

The Influence of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning on Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery

Acute kidney injury is associated with cardiopulmonary bypass during heart surgery and its pathogenesis is similar to that of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Remote ischemic preconditioning a...

The Protective Effect of Pentoxifylline on Acute Kidney Injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI) has a frequency of 7.0 % in hospital inpatients and is especially common in critically ill patients, in whom the prevalence of acute kidney injury is greater than...

Impact of Dexmedetomidine on Acute Kidney Injury Following Living Donor Liver Transplantation

Acute kidney injury (AKI) following liver transplantation (LT) is associated with increased costs, morbidity, and mortality. Dexmedetomidine has known have anti-inflammatory effect and has...

RIPC During Free Flap With Preoperative Radiotherapy

Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has shown organ-protective effects in many clinical settings including patients with ischemic heart disease. However its protective role in head and ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

Restoration of blood supply to tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. It is primarily a procedure for treating infarction or other ischemia, by enabling viable ischemic tissue to recover, thus limiting further necrosis. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing REPERFUSION INJURY.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...


Searches Linking to this Article