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Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed to treat panic disorder, epilepsy, anxiety, depression and certain types of seizures. This study aimed to evaluate the bioequivalence between two formulations of clonazepam tablets in order to meet regulatory requirements for marketing in Colombia and others countries in Latin America. An open-label, randomized, single-dose, two-period, two-sequence, two-treatment crossover study was conducted in 36 healthy subjects of both genders. Subjects received a single dose of clonazepam 2 mg test tablet (Sanofi-Aventis de Colombia S.A.) and reference product (Rivotril®, Produtos Roche Químicos e Farmacêuticos S.A.) under fasting conditions according to a randomly assigned order with a 21-day washout period. Serial blood samples were collected up to 96h post-dose. Plasma concentrations of clonazepam were obtained by a validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using non-compartmental methods. A total of 36 healthy subjects were enrolled and 31 of them completed the study. Twenty-nine adverse events were reported (11 events with test product 18 events with reference product). There were no serious adverse events during the study. Geometric mean ratios (90% confidence intervals) for C and AUC were 103.28% (98.10 - 108.64) and 102.50% (99.87 - 105.19), respectively. The test formulation of clonazepam 2 mg tablet manufactured by Sanofi-Aventis de Colombia S.A. was considered bioequivalent to reference product Rivotril (Produtos Roche Químicos e Farmacêuticos S.A.) according to regulatory requirements. Both formulations were safe and well tolerated during the study.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug development and industrial pharmacy
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