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Structure based designing of benzimidazole/benzoxazole derivatives as anti-leishmanial agents.

07:00 EST 1st December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Structure based designing of benzimidazole/benzoxazole derivatives as anti-leishmanial agents."

Folates are essential biomolecules required to carry out many crucial processes in leishmania parasite. Dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS) and pteridine reductase 1 (PTR1) involved in folate biosynthesis in leishmania have been established as suitable targets for development of chemotherapy against leishmaniasis. In the present study, various computational tools such as homology modelling, pharmacophore modelling, docking, molecular dynamics and molecular mechanics have been employed to design dual DHFR-TS and PTR1 inhibitors. Two designed molecules, i.e. 2-(4-((4-nitrobenzyl)oxy)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole and 2-(4-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]oxazolemolecules were synthesized. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay was performed to evaluate in vitro activity of molecules against promastigote form of using Miltefosine as standard. 2-(4-((4-nitrobenzyl)oxy)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole and 2-(4-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]oxazolemolecules were found to be moderately active with showed IC = 68 ± 2.8 µM and 57 ± 4.2 µM, respectively.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: SAR and QSAR in environmental research
ISSN: 1029-046X
Pages: 919-933

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.

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