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lncRNA Increases Proliferation and Multidrug Resistance of Retinoblastoma Cells Through Downregulating miR-513a-5p.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "lncRNA Increases Proliferation and Multidrug Resistance of Retinoblastoma Cells Through Downregulating miR-513a-5p."

Chemoresistance is one of the major obstacles for cancer therapy. Abnormal expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) was broadly implicated in chemoresistance of multiple cancers. This study was aimed to investigate the function of urothelial cancer associated 1 () in multidrug resistance of retinoblastoma and its potential molecular mechanism. In this study, we observed that was significantly upregulated in chemoresistant retinoblastoma tissues and multidrug resistant retinoblastoma cell lines and predicted an unfavorable overall survival. Functionally, knockdown of remarkably inhibited proliferation and sensitized retinoblastoma cells to multiple chemotherapy drugs, including vincristine (VCR), carboplatin (CBP), cisplatin (DDP), VP-16 (etoposide), and 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu). Mechanistic studies demonstrated that functioned as a miRNA sponge to increase stathmin 1 () expression through sponging miR-513a-5p. In addition, silence of miR-513a-5p or overexpression could partly reverse knockdown-induced inhibitory effects on proliferation and multidrug resistance of retinoblastoma cells. Overall, this study is the first to demonstrate that plays a critical role in retinoblastoma chemoresistance, and may serve as a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target of retinoblastoma.

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Name: DNA and cell biology
ISSN: 1557-7430
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subfamily of transmembrane proteins from the superfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that are closely related in sequence to P-GLYCOPROTEIN. When overexpressed, they function as ATP-dependent efflux pumps able to extrude lipophilic drugs, especially ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, from cells causing multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although P-Glycoproteins share functional similarities to MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS they are two distinct subclasses of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS, and have little sequence homology.

A subfamily of transmembrane proteins from the superfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that are closely related in sequence to ATP-BINDING CASSETTE, SUB-FAMILY B, MEMBER 1. When overexpressed, they function as ATP-dependent efflux pumps able to extrude lipophilic drugs, especially ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, from cells causing multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although ATP BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, SUB-FAMILY B share functional similarities to MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS they are two distinct subclasses of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS, and have little sequence homology.

A sequence-related subfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that actively transport organic substrates. Although considered organic anion transporters, a subset of proteins in this family have also been shown to convey drug resistance to neutral organic drugs. Their cellular function may have clinical significance for CHEMOTHERAPY in that they transport a variety of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS. Overexpression of proteins in this class by NEOPLASMS is considered a possible mechanism in the development of multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although similar in function to P-GLYCOPROTEINS, the proteins in this class share little sequence homology to the p-glycoprotein family of proteins.

Product of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene. It is a nuclear phosphoprotein hypothesized to normally act as an inhibitor of cell proliferation. Rb protein is absent in retinoblastoma cell lines. It also has been shown to form complexes with the adenovirus E1A protein, the SV40 T antigen, and the human papilloma virus E7 protein.

A 170-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein from the superfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS. It serves as an ATP-dependent efflux pump for a variety of chemicals, including many ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS. Overexpression of this glycoprotein is associated with multidrug resistance (see DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE).

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