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Critical Phenomena in the Gravitational Collapse of Electromagnetic Waves.

08:00 EDT 25th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Critical Phenomena in the Gravitational Collapse of Electromagnetic Waves."

We numerically investigate the threshold of black-hole formation in the gravitational collapse of electromagnetic waves in axisymmetry. We find approximate power-law scaling ρ_{max}∼(η_{*}-η)^{-2γ} of the maximum density in the time evolution of near-subcritical data with γ≃0.145, where η is the amplitude of the initial data. We directly observe approximate discrete self-similarity in near-critical time evolutions with a log-scale echoing period of Δ≃0.55. The critical solution is approximately the same for two families of initial data, providing some evidence of universality. Neither the discrete self-similarity nor the universality, however, are exact. We speculate that the absence of an exactly discrete self-similarity might be caused by the interplay of electromagnetic and gravitational wave degrees of freedom, or by the presence of higher-order angular multipoles, or both, and discuss implications of our findings for the critical collapse of vacuum gravitational waves.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 171103

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