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Phase Dependent Vectorial Current Control in Symmetric Noisy Optical Ratchets.

08:00 EDT 25th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Phase Dependent Vectorial Current Control in Symmetric Noisy Optical Ratchets."

In this work, we demonstrate single microparticle transport in a symmetric noisy optical ratchet made with a linear array of 20 optical potentials, where each potential is a spatially symmetric low power (<2.5  mW) three-dimensional trap. Both the external force F(t) and the depth V_{0i}(t) of the optical potentials are dynamic and change at the same frequency ν=2  Hz. The depths of the individual optical potentials are random (uncorrelated noise) distributed around a mean value V_{0}, ⟨V_{0i}(t)⟩=V_{0}, while the external force is periodic and unbiased ⟨F(t)⟩=0. The system is completely symmetric for times t≫1/ν. Directed transport is possible as a result of the symmetry being broken at times on the order of 1/ν. We find that the direction and speed of motion (current) are coupled to the phase difference between the noise in the optical potentials and the external periodic force.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 170601

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