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Universal Prethermal Dynamics in Gross-Neveu-Yukawa Criticality.

08:00 EDT 25th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Universal Prethermal Dynamics in Gross-Neveu-Yukawa Criticality."

We study the prethermal dynamics of the Gross-Neveu-Yukawa quantum field theory, suddenly quenched in the vicinity of a critical point. We find that the universal prethermal dynamics is controlled by two fixed points depending on the size of the quench. Besides the usual equilibrium chiral Ising fixed point for a shallow quench, a dynamical chiral Ising fixed point is identified for a deep quench. Intriguingly, the latter is a nonthermal fixed point without any equilibrium counterpart due to the participation of gapless fermionic fields. We also find that in the scaling regime controlled by the equilibrium fixed point, the initial slip exponent is rendered negative if there are enough flavors of fermions, thus providing a unique signature of fermionic prethermal dynamics. We then explore the temporal crossover between the universal scaling regimes governed by the two universality classes. Possible experimental realizations are also discussed.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 170606

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