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Olanzapine is commonly used to treat schizophrenia. However, long-term administration of olanzapine causes metabolic side effects, such as insulin resistance (IR), which seriously affects patients' quality of life. Both diagnostic and prognostic markers are urgently needed to increase patient compliance. We applied isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling combined with 2D LC/MS/MS technology to identify the differentially expressed proteins in olanzapine- induced IR rats. A total of 3194 proteins were identified from rat adipose tissues, and 270 differentially expressed proteins were screened out with a ratio threshold >1.5-fold or <0.67-fold. Based on a bioinformatics analysis and literature search, we selected six candidates (MYH1, MYL2, Cp, FABP4, apoA-IV, and Ywhaz) from a set of 270 proteins and verified these proteins by western blot; the expression of these proteins coincided with the LC-MS/MS results. Finally, the biological roles of FABP4 and apoA-IV, which are two novel IR-related proteins identified in the present study, were verified in 3T3-L1 cells. These data suggest that these two proteins acted on olanzapine-induced IR via the IRS-1/AKT signaling pathway. Our results provide a dataset of potential targets to explore the mechanism in olanzapine-induced IR and reveal the new roles of FABP4 and apoA-IV in olanzapine-induced IR.
The proteomic analysis of this study revealed the biomarkers associated with olanzapine-induced IR and provided relevant insights into the molecular functions, biological processes, and signaling pathways in these biomarkers. Protein MYH1, MYL2, Cp, FABP4, apoA-IV, and Ywhaz may be potential biomarkers, and protein FABP4 and apoA-IV were considered as promising biomarkers in olanzapineinduced IR. Therefore, if the performance of the proposed biomarkers is further confirmed, these proteins can provide powerful targets for exploring the mechanism of olanzapine-induced IR.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of proteomics
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Brown fat-like adipose tissue that develops in WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE from non-MYOGENIC REGULATORY FACTOR 5 expressing cell lineage.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A lipid droplet protein that is expressed primarily by ADIPOCYTES of WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE and BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE. It co-localizes with MACROPHAGES and FOAM CELLS of artherosclerotic lesions and stabilizes LIPID DROPLETS by inhibiting HORMONE SENSITIVE LIPASE. It may also protect TRIGLYCERIDES against hydrolysis within the PLASMA MEMBRANE and modulate CHOLESTEROL ESTER HYDROLASE activity.
Neoplasms composed of fatty tissue or connective tissue made up of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in adipose tissue.
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