Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) include the common cold, rhinosinusitis, pharyngitis, and acute otitis media (AOM). URTIs account for billions of dollars in annual health care costs; acute respiratory tract infections are the most common reason for acute care appointments. Although URTIs typically are viral, these infections are the most common reason for prescription of antibiotics in adults. Recommended therapy for the common cold involves symptom management with over-the-counter drugs, though the Food and Drug Administration advises against use of these drugs in children younger than 6 years. Acute rhinosinusitis also typically is viral. A bacterial etiology is more likely if symptoms last longer than 10 days, the temperature is greater than 39°C (102.2°F), or if symptoms worsen after initial improvement. Antibiotics are not recommended unless symptoms worsen or do not improve after an additional 7 days. Acute pharyngitis also typically is of viral origin. Antibiotics for streptococcal pharyngitis should be prescribed only if test or culture results are positive. AOM can be managed without antibiotics except in children younger than 6 months, children ages 6 to 23 months with bilateral AOM, children older than 2 years with bilateral AOM and otorrhea, and certain high-risk patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FP essentials
A frequent treatment recommendation during acute respiratory infection is to increase fluid intake. This is the first study to investigate whether upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) such as co...
Hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients are frequently infected with respiratory viruses (RVs) in the upper respiratory tract (URT) but the concordance between URT and lower respiratory tract (...
Microbial point-of-care testing (POCT) has potential to revolutionise clinical care. Understanding prognostic value of microbes identified from the upper respiratory tract (a convenient sampling site)...
Inappropriate antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) is an ongoing problem in primary care. There is extreme variation in the prescribing practices of individual physicians, whi...
There is limited data on the duration of consults resulting in the prescription of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in general practice.
RSV infections can develop into serious, life threatening conditions among immunocompromised patients. The objective of this study (ADMA 001) is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RI-...
The specific objectives of this investigation are to assess the effectiveness of daily gargling and vitamin D supplementation as preventative measures against incident upper respiratory tr...
The purpose of the Study is to determine the prophylactic effects of CVT-E002 treatment for upper respiratory tract infections in healthy adult employees working with residents in continui...
This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-armed, parallel-group study in healthy children aged 2-6 years. The study will investigate the effect of daily intake of a...
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of J022X ST for prevention of Recurrent Upper-Respiratory Tract Infections (RURTI) compared to placebo in children of younger...
An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Respiratory system manifestations of diseases of the respiratory tract or of other organs.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...