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Many studies suggest that the hippocampus is involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders, especially major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. Especially, in vivo imaging studies indicate that the volume of hippocampus may be reduced in both disorders. Moreover, suicide may have a unique neurobiology. The aim of the present study is to investigate if depression, schizophrenia or suicide is associated with reduced postmortem volume of the hippocampal formation and/or changes in the numbers of neurons and/or glial cells in the different subregions of the hippocampus. We studied postmortem brain samples from 10 subjects with schizophrenia, 8 subjects with major depression, 11 suicide subjects with a history of depressive disorder, and 10 control subjects with no history of psychiatric or neurological diseases. The total volume and numbers of neurons and glial cells were estimated for the main hippocampal subregions using design-unbiased stereological techniques. We found the total volume and total numbers of neurons and glial cells similarly reduced by approximately 20% to 35% in depression and schizophrenia subjects relative to control subjects across all hippocampal regions. In suicide subjects, we only found increased neuron number in CA2/3 subregion. The volume and number of cells are reduced in depression and schizophrenia subjects relative to control subjects across all hippocampal regions. Our findings imply that the hippocampus may be a common site of pathophysiology in depression and schizophrenia. Community living suicide subjects seems to differ in hippocampal neurobiology compared to hospitalized subjects dying with MDD without suicide.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Brain research
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Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
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