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The main roles of the DnaA protein are to bind the origin of chromosome replication (oriC), to unwind DNA and to provide a hub for the step-wise assembly of a replisome. DnaA is composed of four domains, with each playing a distinct functional role in the orisome assembly. Out of the four domains, the role of domain I is the least understood and appears to be the most species-specific. To better characterise H. pylori DnaA domain I, we have constructed a series of DnaA variants and studied their interactions with H. pylori bipartite oriC. We show that domain I is responsible for the stabilisation and organisation of DnaA-oriC complexes and provides cooperativity in DnaA-DNA interactions. Domain I mediates cross-interactions between oriC sub-complexes, which indicates that domain I is important for long-distance DnaA interactions and is essential for orisome assembly on bipartite origins. HobA, which interacts with domain I, increases the DnaA binding to bipartite oriC; however, it does not stimulate but rather inhibits DNA unwinding. This suggests that HobA helps DnaA to bind oriC, but an unknown factor triggers DNA unwinding. Together, our results indicate that domain I self-interaction is important for the DnaA assembly on bipartite H. pylori oriC.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular microbiology
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Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.
A family of transcription factors characterized by the presence of a bipartite DNA-binding domain known as the POU domain. The POU domain contains two subdomains, a POU-specific domain and a POU-homeodomain. The POU domain was originally identified as a region of approximately 150 amino acids shared between the Pit-1, Oct-1, Oct-2, and Unc-86 transcription factors.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
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Peptic Ulcer Disease
Peptic Ulcer Disease - stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcers used to refer to all types of peptic ulcers. A peptic ulcer is an erosion in a segment of the Gastrointestinal (GI) muscularis mucosae, typically in the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the first few cent...