The role of Helicobacter pylori DnaA domain I in orisome assembly on a bipartite origin of chromosome replication.

07:00 EST 12th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The role of Helicobacter pylori DnaA domain I in orisome assembly on a bipartite origin of chromosome replication."

The main roles of the DnaA protein are to bind the origin of chromosome replication (oriC), to unwind DNA and to provide a hub for the step-wise assembly of a replisome. DnaA is composed of four domains, with each playing a distinct functional role in the orisome assembly. Out of the four domains, the role of domain I is the least understood and appears to be the most species-specific. To better characterise H. pylori DnaA domain I, we have constructed a series of DnaA variants and studied their interactions with H. pylori bipartite oriC. We show that domain I is responsible for the stabilisation and organisation of DnaA-oriC complexes and provides cooperativity in DnaA-DNA interactions. Domain I mediates cross-interactions between oriC sub-complexes, which indicates that domain I is important for long-distance DnaA interactions and is essential for orisome assembly on bipartite origins. HobA, which interacts with domain I, increases the DnaA binding to bipartite oriC; however, it does not stimulate but rather inhibits DNA unwinding. This suggests that HobA helps DnaA to bind oriC, but an unknown factor triggers DNA unwinding. Together, our results indicate that domain I self-interaction is important for the DnaA assembly on bipartite H. pylori oriC.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular microbiology
ISSN: 1365-2958


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.

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A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.

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Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

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