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The assessment of patients' risk for developing pressure ulcers is a routine and fundamental nursing process undertaken to prevent avoidable harm to patients in all care settings. Many risk assessment tools are currently used in clinical practice, however no individual tool is recommended by advisory bodies such as the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence or the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel. The evidence base on the value of structured risk assessment tools in reducing the incidence or severity of pressure ulcers is poor. This purpose of this article is to provide a clinimetric analysis of the recently developed Pressure Ulcer Risk Primary or Secondary Evaluation Tool (PURPOSE-T) and identify areas for future research to improve the utility of structured risk assessment in identifying patients at risk of developing pressure ulcers.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)
Risk assessment is recommended as the foremost step in the prevention of pressure ulcers. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive efficacy of the Braden Q Scale for the assessment of pediatric pre...
An in-practice evaluation of an sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) scanner, to detect non-visible pressure damage, allowing appropriate, targeted pressure ulcer (PU) prevention interventions.
The effectiveness of two silicone dressings for sacral and heel pressure ulcer prevention in high risk intensive care unit patients compared to no dressings: a randomized controlled parallel-group trial.
Pressure ulcer incidence in high risk settings such as intensive care is high. There is emerging evidence that the application of dressings to pressure ulcer predeliction areas (sacrum and heels) impr...
To analyze patient factors and nurse staffing-related issues involving hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) in patients at two types of hospital.
Pressure ulcers (PU) represent a major health issue because of their high incidence and of their important consequences. There is an important risk of pressure ulcer acquisition for ICU pa...
The prevalence of and risk factors for pressure ulcers (PUs) in critically ill patients have been poorly studied. The main objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of PUs in ...
Pressure ulcers are severe injuries and wounds causing a substantial burden on patients, caregivers, and on healthcare systems worldwide. There is common agreement, that effective pressure...
Pressure ulcers are common, distressing and expensive. Currently scoring systems and checks by nursing staff are carried out to assess a patient's risk of developing a pressure ulcer. The...
Development of pressure ulcer (PU) is complex and multifactorial. The association of a constituted PU and of clinical / biological major elements is demonstrated and justifies. Prevention ...
An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stay in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.
The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
A mass-spectrometric technique that is used for microscopic chemical analysis. A beam of primary ions with an energy of 5-20 kiloelectronvolts (keV) bombards a small spot on the surface of the sample under ultra-high vacuum conditions. Positive and negative secondary ions sputtered from the surface are analyzed in a mass spectrometer in regards to their mass-to-charge ratio. Digital imaging can be generated from the secondary ion beams and their intensity can be measured. Ionic images can be correlated with images from light or other microscopy providing useful tools in the study of molecular and drug actions.
The primary responsibility of one nurse for the planning, evaluation, and care of a patient throughout the course of illness, convalescence, and recovery.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.