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Cellular genes that are functionally related to each other are usually confined in specialized subcellular compartments for efficient biochemical reactions. Construction of spatially controlled biosynthetic systems will facilitate the study of biological design principles. Herein, we fabricated a gene circuit compartment by co-anchoring two function-related genes on surface of gold nanoparticles, and investigated the compartment effect on cascade gene expression in a cell-free system. The gene circuit consisted of a T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) expression cassette as regulatory gene and a fluorescent protein expression cassette as regulated reporter gene. Both the expression cassettes were attached on a Y-shaped DNA nanostructure whose other two branches were mercapto-modified in order to steadily anchor the gene expression cassettes on the surface of gold nanoparticles. Experimental results demonstrated that both the yield and initial expression rate of the fluorescent reporter protein in the gene circuit compartment system were enhanced compared with those in free gene circuit system. Mechanism investigation revealed that the gene circuit compartment on nanoparticle made the regulatory gene and regulated reporter gene spatially proximal at nanoscale, thus effectively improving the transfer efficiency of the regulatory proteins (T7 RNAP) from regulatory genes to the regulated reporter genes in the compartments, and consequently, the biochemical reaction efficiency was significantly increased. This work not only provided a simplified model for rational molecular programming of genes circuit compartments on nano-interface, but also presented implications for the cellular structure-function relationship.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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The number of copies of a given gene present in the cell of an organism. An increase in gene dosage (by GENE DUPLICATION for example) can result in higher levels of gene product formation. GENE DOSAGE COMPENSATION mechanisms result in adjustments to the level GENE EXPRESSION when there are changes or differences in gene dosage.
The use of techniques that produce a functional MUTATION or an effect on GENE EXPRESSION of a specific gene of interest in order to identify the role or activity of the gene product of that gene.
Techniques to alter a gene sequence that result in an inactivated gene, or one in which the expression can be inactivated at a chosen time during development to study the loss of function of a gene.
The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES resulting in a gene with different or additional regulatory regions, or a new chimeric gene product. ONCOGENE FUSION includes an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners and such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS. ARTIFICIAL GENE FUSION is carried out in vitro by RECOMBINANT DNA technology.
Sets of structured vocabularies used for describing and categorizing genes, and gene products by their molecular function, involvement in biological processes, and cellular location. These vocabularies and their associations to genes and gene products (Gene Ontology annotations) are generated and curated by the Gene Ontology Consortium.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
The process of gene expression is used by eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses to generate the macromolecular machinery for life. Steps in the gene expression process may be modulated, including the transcription, RNA splicing, translation, and post-tran...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...