Transforaminal Endoscopic Approach for Lumbar Extraforaminal Synovial Cysts: Technical Note.

07:00 EST 13th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Transforaminal Endoscopic Approach for Lumbar Extraforaminal Synovial Cysts: Technical Note."

Lumbar facet cysts are commonly seen in degenerative lumbar conditions causing stenosis and radiculopathy. Extraforaminal lumbar facet cysts are a rare entity and present a surgical challenge because of their location. Transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery is an emerging technique in spine surgery but has never been described as a treatment option for lumbar radiculopathy in the setting an extraforaminal lumbar facet cyst.


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Name: World neurosurgery
ISSN: 1878-8769


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nodular tumor-like lesions or mucoid flesh, arising from tendon sheaths, LIGAMENTS, or JOINT CAPSULE, especially of the hands, wrists, or feet. They are not true cysts as they lack epithelial wall. They are distinguished from SYNOVIAL CYSTS by the lack of communication with a joint cavity or the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.

Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.

Cysts found in the jaws and arising from epithelium involved in tooth formation. They include follicular cysts (e.g., primordial cyst, dentigerous cyst, multilocular cyst), lateral periodontal cysts, and radicular cysts. They may become keratinized (odontogenic keratocysts). Follicular cysts may give rise to ameloblastomas and, in rare cases, undergo malignant transformation.

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Rare, benign, chronic, progressive metaplasia in which cartilage is formed in the synovial membranes of joints, tendon sheaths, or bursae. Some of the metaplastic foci can become detached producing loose bodies. When the loose bodies undergo secondary calcification, the condition is called synovial osteochondromatosis.

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