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Evidence indicates that long-term memory formation involves alterations in synaptic efficacy produced by modifications in neural transmission and morphology. However, it is not clear how such changes induced by learning, that encode memory, are maintained over long period of time to preserve long-term memory. It has been shown that the actin nucleating protein Arp2/3 is essential for supporting neuronal morphology and synaptic transmission. We therefore hypothesized that continuous Arp2/3 activity is needed to maintain long-term memory over time. To test this hypothesis we microinjected into lateral amygdala (LA) of rats CK-666, a specific inhibitor of Arp2/3, two days after fear conditioning and tested the effect on long-term fear memory maintenance a day afterward. We found that injection of CK-666 two days after training abolished fear conditioning memory. Fear conditioning could be formed when a control compound CK-689 was applied two days after training. Microinjection of CK-666 a day before fear conditioning training had no effect on fear conditioning learning and long-term memory formation. We revealed that Arp2/3 is also needed to maintain long-term conditioned taste aversion (CTA) memory in LA. Microinjection of CK-666 two days after CTA training impaired long-term memory tested a day afterwards. We conclude that continuous activity of Arp2/3 in LA is essential for the maintenance of long-term memory.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neurobiology of learning and memory
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A persistent activity-dependent decrease in synaptic efficacy between NEURONS. It typically occurs following repeated low-frequency afferent stimulation, but it can be induced by other methods. Long-term depression appears to play a role in MEMORY.
Temporary storage of information for a few seconds to hours, as opposed to long-term memory which refers to material stored for days, years, or a lifetime.
Neurological process involving the conversion of learned information into long-term memory.
A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.
Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.
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