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Circulating concentration of interleukin-37 in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with peptic ulcer: Its association with IL-37 related gene polymorphisms and bacterial virulence factor CagA.

07:00 EST 18th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Circulating concentration of interleukin-37 in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with peptic ulcer: Its association with IL-37 related gene polymorphisms and bacterial virulence factor CagA."

The immunopathologic responses play a major role in the development of H. pylori (HP)-related gastrointestinal diseases. IL-37 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine with potent suppressive effects on innate and adaptive immune responses. Here, we investigated the IL-37 levels and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including rs3811047 and rs2723176 in IL-37 gene in HP-infected peptic ulcer (PU) patients to identify any relationship. Three groups, including 100 HP-infected PU patients, 100 HP-infected asymptomatic (AS) subjects and 100 non-infected healthy control (NHC) subjects were enrolled to study. Serum IL-37 levels and the genotyping at rs3811047 and rs2723176 were determined using ELISA and SSP-PCR methods, respectively. Significantly higher IL-37 levels were observed in PU patients compared with AS and NHC groups (P < 0.0001). In both PU and AS groups, the CagA HP-infected participants displayed higher IL-37 levels compared with those infected with CagA strains (P < 0.0001). There were significant differences between PU, AS and NHC groups regarding the distribution of genotypes and alleles at rs3811047 and rs2723176 SNPs. The genotype GG and allele G at IL-37 rs3811047 SNP, and the genotype CC and allele C at IL-37 rs2723176 SNP more frequently expressed in PU patients than total healthy subjects (AS + NHC groups) and were associated with an increased risk of PU development (genotype
GG:
RR = 3.08, P < 0.009; allele
G:
RR = 2.94, P < 0.01; genotype
CC:
RR = 5, P < 0.01; and allele
C:
RR = 5.0, P < 0.02, respectively). The PU patients with allele A at IL-37 rs2723176 SNP expressed higher amounts of IL-37 compared with patients carried allele C at the same position (P < 0.05). In AS carriers and NHC individuals, the IL-37 levels in subjects carried genotype AA or allele A at IL-37 rs2723176 SNP were higher than those carried genotype CC or allele C at the same location (P < 0.01 and P < 0.02 for AS group; P < 0.0001 and P < 0.001 for NHC subjects, respectively). The increased IL-37 levels may be considered as a valuable marker of PU development in HP-infected individuals. The SNPs rs3811047 and rs2723176 were associated with PU development. The CagA status of HP and IL-37 rs2723176 SNP may affect the IL-37 levels.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cytokine
ISSN: 1096-0023
Pages: 154928

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).

A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.

Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.

Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

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