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Despite the advance in neonatal care over the past few decades, preventing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome progress to bronchopulmonary dysplasia remained challenging. In this review, we will discuss the respiratory support strategies in preterm infants with RDS evolving into BPD based on the changes in pulmonary mechanics and pathophysiology as well as currently available evidence.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine
This evidence-based practice project evaluated the efficacy of a respiratory algorithm administered by specially trained transition nurses on the reduction of preventable NICU admissions for infants e...
Noninvasive ventilation is recommended for neonatal respiratory distress to avoid adverse effects of invasive ventilation.
Exogenous surfactant administration is an essential part of respiratory distress syndrome treatment in preterm infants. Current guidelines recommend the first dose to be given as early as possible, fo...
Lung-protective ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome aims for providing sufficient oxygenation and carbon dioxide clearance, while limiting the harmful effects of mechanical ventilation...
Endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation have been mainstays in respiratory care of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. Together with antenatal steroids and surfactant, thi...
Respiratory distress is one of the first hospital grounds during the neonatal period. The clinical presentation and severity vary by gestational age and cause. She reports to various etiol...
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) remains a major respiratory disorder for the increasing preterm population, and its incidence has been confirmed to be increased gradually with...
Neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) is a rare but often severe respiratory disorder. The incidence remains unclear and mortality is about 30%-60%. It is characterized by acu...
Background An appropriated mechanical ventilator setting for acute respiratory failure results of ventilator associated lung injury. Limited driving pressure and low tidal volume ventilati...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether two different strategies of Non Invasive Ventilation (NIV) have different effect on length and failure of NIV support in preterm infants w...
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.
A species of PNEUMOVIRUS causing an important respiratory infection in cattle. Symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and respiratory distress.
Rare congenital metabolism disorders of the urea cycle. The disorders are due to mutations that result in complete (neonatal onset) or partial (childhood or adult onset) inactivity of an enzyme, involved in the urea cycle. Neonatal onset results in clinical features that include irritability, vomiting, lethargy, seizures, NEONATAL HYPOTONIA; RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS; HYPERAMMONEMIA; coma, and death. Survivors of the neonatal onset and childhood/adult onset disorders share common risks for ENCEPHALOPATHIES, METABOLIC, INBORN; and RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS due to HYPERAMMONEMIA.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...