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Reproducing the Native Posterior Tibial Slope in Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty: Technique and Clinical Implications.

07:00 EST 26th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Reproducing the Native Posterior Tibial Slope in Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty: Technique and Clinical Implications."

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) profoundly influences knee biomechanics. Using an arbitrary (often 3° to 5°) posterior tibial slope (PTS) in all cases seldom will restore native slope. This study examined whether the native PTS could be reproduced in cruciate-retaining TKA and how this would influence clinical outcome. Radiographic and clinical outcomes of 215 consecutive TKAs using the PFC sigma cruciate-retaining implant were evaluated. The tibial bone cut was planned to be made parallel to the native anatomical slope in the sagittal plane. The PTS was measured with reference to the proximal tibial medullary canal (PTS-M) and the proximal tibial anterior cortex (PTS-C) on true lateral radiographs using a picture achieving and communication system. Knee range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) were evaluated. Mean preoperative PTS-M was 6.9°±3.3°, and mean postoperative PTS-M was 7.0°±2.4°. Mean preoperative PTS-C was 12.2°±4.2°, and mean postoperative PTS-C was 12.6°±3.4°. Preoperative and postoperative PTS were not significantly different for both techniques (P>.05). An arbitrary 3° as an acceptable range for PTS-M was achieved in 144 knees (67%) (group 1), and 71 knees (33%) had a difference of more than 3° (group 2). Group 1 had a significantly larger gain in ROM (P=.04) as well as improved Knee Society, WOMAC, and SF-12 physical scores compared with group 2 (P<.01). The modified surgical technique reproduced the native tibial slope in cruciate-retaining TKA. Reproduction of the native PTS within 3° resulted in better clinical outcomes manifested by gain in ROM and knee functional outcome scores. [Orthopedics. 20xx; xx(x):xx-xx.].

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Orthopedics
ISSN: 1938-2367
Pages: 1-6

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rebuilding of the POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT to restore functional stability of the knee.

Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)

A condition characterized by a broad range of progressive disorders ranging from TENOSYNOVITIS to tendon rupture with or without hindfoot collapse to a fixed, rigid, FLATFOOT deformity. Pathologic changes can involve associated tendons, ligaments, joint structures of the ANKLE, hindfoot, and midfoot. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is the most common cause of acquired flatfoot deformity in adults.

Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)

A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.

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