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Although an association has been suggested between asthma, obesity, fitness and physical activity, the relationship between these parameters remains to be elucidated in adolescents. Six-hundred and sixteen adolescents were recruited (334 boys; 13.0 ± 1.1years; 1.57 ± 0.10m; 52.6 ± 12.9kg), of which 155 suffered from mild-to-moderate asthma (78 boys). Participants completed a 20-metre shuttle run test, lung function and 7-day objective physical activity measurements and completed asthma control and quality of life questionnaires. Furthermore, 69 adolescents (36 asthma; 21 boys) completed an incremental ramp cycle ergometer test. Although participants with asthma completed significantly fewer shuttle runs than their peers, peak V̇O did not differ between the groups. However, adolescents with asthma engaged in less physical activity (53.9 ± 23.5 vs 60.5 ± 23.6minutes) and had higher BMI (22.2 ± 4.8 vs 20.4 ± 3.7kg·m-2), than their peers. Whilst a significant relationship was found between quality of life and cardiorespiratory fitness according to peak V̇O, only BMI was revealed as a significant predictor of asthma status. The current findings highlight the need to use accurate measures of cardiorespiratory fitness rather than indirect estimates to assess the influence of asthma during adolescence. Furthermore, the present study suggests that BMI and fitness may be key targets for future interventions seeking to improve asthma quality of life.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of sports sciences
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An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
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