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Inflammation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) enhances efferocytosis by macrophage and suppresses inflammatory response. However, effects of DEL-1 on ER stress-mediated insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remain unclear. Here, DEL-1 treatment augmented SIRT1 expression in C2C12 myocytes, thereby increasing SERCA2 expression in a dose-dependent fashion, and attenuated ER stress and insulin resistance under palmitate treatment condition. SIRT1/SERCA2 knockdown abrogated effects of DEL-1 on palmitate-induced insulin resistance as well as ER stress. Pharmacological significance of DEL-1 was confirmed by in vivo experiments. DEL-1 administration suppressed ER stress, insulin resistance, and SIRT1/SERCA2 expression in skeletal muscle of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Additionally, siRNA transfection-mediated in vivo downregulation of SIRT1 suppressed the effects of DEL-1 on expression of SERCA2, ER stress, and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice. DEL-1 attenuates palmitate-induced and HFD-induced skeletal muscle ER stress and insulin resistance via SIRT1/SERCA2-mediated signaling.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemical pharmacology
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A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
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A diet that consists mainly of foods with a high content of protein and limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES.
A diet that includes foods with a high protein content.
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