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Durvalumab for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

07:00 EST 29th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Durvalumab for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer."

: The prognosis of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains poor, with a 5-year overall survival rate of around 15%. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as programmed cell death protein 1 and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors, have opened a new era in the management of NSCLC. Three checkpoint inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, and atezolizumab) are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for advanced NSCLC. Durvalumab, an anti-PD-L1 antibody, is under investigation in several trials.: This article reviews the pharmacological properties, clinical efficacy, and safety of durvalumab as monotherapy and in combination with other drugs for the treatment of locally advanced and advanced NSCLC.: Durvalumab as monotherapy or in combination with tremelimumab was effective with well-tolerated safety profiles for advanced NSCLC in several phase I or II studies. The PACIFIC study assessed the effectiveness of durvalumab as maintenance therapy following definitive chemoradiotherapy for unresectable stage III NSCLC, and met its primary endpoints of progression-free survival and overall survival. These results led to FDA approval for this NSCLC population. It will be exciting to follow ongoing phase III studies assessing how durvalumab fits into the rapidly evolving therapeutic landscape for advanced NSCLC.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of anticancer therapy
ISSN: 1744-8328
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Clinical Trials [27597 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.

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