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Surface Modification Strategies to Improve the Osseointegration of Poly(etheretherketone) and Its Composites.

07:00 EST 29th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Surface Modification Strategies to Improve the Osseointegration of Poly(etheretherketone) and Its Composites."

In the last 5 years, a wide variety of surface modification strategies are explored to improve the integration of poly(etheretherketone) (PEEK) implants with bone. Since PEEK does not support bone on-growth, its surface properties need to be tailored to promote osteogenesis at the bone-implant interface. Surface modifications applied to achieve this response range from simple surface morphology changes to the deposition of osteoconductive coatings. Of the many methods, titanium and/or hydroxyapatite coatings, extrusion to create surface pores, and an accelerated neutral atom beam treatment have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve the integration of PEEK spinal cages. The success of these surface modifications brings hope for the clinical translation of other techniques in the future, but there are several limitations that may be preventing other treatments from reaching the clinic. This review describes numerous strategies that have been applied to PEEK-based implants for improving their osseointegration and enhancing their antibacterial properties. The review concludes with a discussion about future directions for the field and provides suggestions for advancing clinical translation of surface-modified PEEK implants to improve the lives of patients in need of these implants.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Macromolecular bioscience
ISSN: 1616-5195
Pages: e1900271

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