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HEATR1 deficiency promotes pancreatic cancer proliferation and gemcitabine resistance by up-regulating Nrf2 signaling.

07:00 EST 20th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "HEATR1 deficiency promotes pancreatic cancer proliferation and gemcitabine resistance by up-regulating Nrf2 signaling."

The human HEAT repeat-containing protein 1 (HEATR1), consisting of 2144 amino acids, is a member of the UTP10 family and contains one HEAT repeat at its C-terminal. HEATR1 has been reported to regulate cytotoxic T lymphocytes and rRNA synthesis, while its functions in tumors are poorly understood. Here, we found that HEATR1 competed with Keap1 for binding to p62/sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1), resulted in up-regulation of Keap1, which then inhibited Nrf2 signaling in pancreatic cancer cells. HEATR1 knockdown enhanced proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, HEATR1 deficiency significantly improved xenografts growth and led to gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer cell-derived xenografts through up-regulating Nrf2 signaling. By analyzing tumor tissue samples from pancreatic cancer patients, we found that low expression of HEATR1 was closely correlated with poor prognosis and clinicopathological features. Collectively, we suggest that HEATR1 deficiency promotes proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer through up-regulating Nrf2 signaling, indicating that HEATR1 may be a promising therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Redox biology
ISSN: 2213-2317
Pages: 101390

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

C-type lectins that restrict growth of bacteria in the intestinal epithelia and have bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. They also regulate proliferation and differentiation of KERATINOCYTES following injury. Human pancreatitis-associated protein-1 (Reg3a) is overexpressed by pancreatic ACINAR CELLS in patients with CHRONIC PANCREATITIS. It is also highly expressed by pancreatic, bladder, and gastrointestinal cancer cells and may serve as a diagnostic biomarker.

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

A synthetic prostaglandin E analog that protects the gastric mucosa, prevents ulceration, and promotes the healing of peptic ulcers. The protective effect is independent of acid inhibition. It is also a potent inhibitor of pancreatic function and growth of experimental tumors.

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