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Heterologous prime-boost vaccination against tuberculosis with recombinant Sendai virus and DNA vaccines.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Heterologous prime-boost vaccination against tuberculosis with recombinant Sendai virus and DNA vaccines."

In an earlier study, a novel Sendai virus-vectored anti-tuberculosis vaccine encoding Ag85A and Ag85B (SeV85AB) was constructed and shown to elicit antigen-specific T cell responses and protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in a murine model. In this study, we evaluate whether the immune responses induced by this novel vaccine might be elevated by a recombinant DNA vaccine expressing the same antigen in a heterologous prime-boost vaccination strategy. The results showed that both SeV85AB prime-DNA boost (SeV85AB-DNA) and DNA prime-SeV85AB boost (DNA-SeV85AB) vaccination strategies significantly enhanced the antigen-specific T cell responses induced by the separate vaccines. The SeV85AB-DNA immunization regimen induced higher levels of recall T cell responses after Mtb infection and conferred better immune protection compared with DNA-SeV85AB or a single immunization. Collectively, our study lends strong evidence that a DNA vaccine boost might be included in a novel SeV85AB immunization strategy designed to enhance the immune protection against Mtb. KEY
MESSAGES:
A heterologous prime-boost regimen with a novel recombinant SeV85AB and a DNA vaccine increase the T cell responses above those from a single vaccine. The heterologous prime-boost regimen provided protection against Mtb infection. The DNA vaccine might be included in a novel SeV85AB immunization strategy designed to enhance the immune protection against Mtb.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
ISSN: 1432-1440
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.

Group activities directed against VACCINATION.

Rate of VACCINATION as defined by GEOGRAPHY and or DEMOGRAPHY.

The immunological phenomenon by which exposure to some organisms or vaccines can profoundly alter the host's response to subsequent exposure to unrelated (heterologous) organisms or vaccines.

Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)

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