Topics

Symbiotic bacteria of plant-associated fungi: friends or foes?

07:00 EST 28th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Symbiotic bacteria of plant-associated fungi: friends or foes?"

Many bacteria form symbiotic associations with plant-associated fungi. The effects of these symbionts on host fitness usually depend on symbiont or host genotypes and environmental conditions. However, bacterial endosymbionts, that is those living within fungal cells, may positively regulate host performance as their survival is often heavily dependent on host fitness. Contrary to this, bacteria that establish ectosymbiotic associations with fungi, that is those located on the hyphal surface or in close vicinity to fungal mycelia, may not have an apparent net effect on fungal performance due to the low level of fitness dependency on their host. Our analysis supports the hypothesis that endosymbiotic bacteria of fungi are beneficial symbionts, and that effects of ectosymbiotic bacteria on fungal performance depends on the bacterial type involved in the interaction (e.g. helper versus pathogen of fungi). Ecological scenarios, where the presence of beneficial bacterial endosymbionts of fungi could be compromised, are also discussed.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current opinion in plant biology
ISSN: 1879-0356
Pages: 1-8

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7879 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Plants make galls to accommodate foreigners: some are friends, most are foes.

At the colonization site of a foreign entity, plant cells alter their trajectory of growth and development. The resulting structure - a plant gall - accommodates various needs of the foreigner, which ...

Probe-Based Multiplex Real-Time PCR as a Diagnostic Tool to Distinguish Distinct Fungal Symbionts Associated With and in California.

California has been invaded by two distinct spp. that vector unique plant pathogenic symbiotic fungi on multiple hosts and cause Fusarium dieback. The objective of this study was to develop multiplex...

The role of in vitro cultivation on symbiotic trait and function variation in a single species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus.

In vitro propagation of AM fungi using transformed root cultures (TRC) is commonly used to obtain pure AM fungal propagules for use in research and industry. Early observations indicate that such an ...

The interactions of algae-activated sludge symbiotic system and its effects on wastewater treatment and lipid accumulation.

The ability of Scenedesmus sp. 336, Chlorella sp. 1602 and activated sludge (AS) alone or in combination to remove nutrients and accumulate lipid in artificial municipal wastewater under light/dark co...

The total microbiome functions in bacteria and fungi.

Unveiling the relationship between phylogeny and function of the microbiome is crucial to determine its contribution to ecosystem functioning. However, while there is a considerable amount of informat...

Clinical Trials [1613 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Invasive Fungal Infections in Severe Alcohol-associated Hepatitis

Chronic alcohol consumption is associated with intestinal bacterial dysbiosis, yet little is known about the role of intestinal fungi, or mycobiota in liver disease. Although the intestina...

Assessment of the Symbiotic Fermented Milk in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome

This study evaluates the effect of a symbiotic fermented milk on health-related quality of life and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in patients with constipation-predominant IBS.

The Influence of Dietary Plant Sterols and Plant Stanols on Cholesterol and Plant Sterol Levels in Atheromatous Plaques

This study aims to explore whether the increased supply of dietary plant sterols and plant stanols have any influence on serum levels of phytosterols and on consistency of carotid atheroma...

NATURE 3.1_New Approach for the Reduction of REnal Uremic Toxins

The objective of the pilot study is to validate the clinical use of an innovative symbiotic in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b-4 and in healthy subjects. The study aim...

Clinical Study With an Enteral Formula With Symbiotic and DHA for Malnourished Children

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a nutritional supplement is effective in the treatment of malnutrition in pediatric patients with failure to thrive or cystic fibrosis.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.

Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.

The formation of a nitrogen-fixing cell mass on PLANT ROOTS following symbiotic infection by nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA.

The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.

A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article