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The human interactome is instrumental in the systems-level study of the cell and the contextualization of disease-associated gene perturbations. However, reference organismal interactomes do not capture the cell-type-specific context in which proteins and modules preferentially act. Here, we introduce SCINET, a computational framework that reconstructs an ensemble of cell-type-specific interactomes by integrating a global, context-independent reference interactome with a single-cell gene-expression profile. SCINET addresses technical challenges of single-cell data by robustly imputing, transforming, and normalizing the initially noisy and sparse expression of data. Inferred cell-level gene interaction probabilities and group-level interaction strengths define cell-type-specific interactomes. We use SCINET to reconstruct and analyze interactomes of the major human brain and immune cell types, revealing specificity and modularity of perturbations associated with neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric, and autoimmune disorders. We report cell-type interactomes for brain and immune cell types, together with the SCINET package.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cell systems
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A genotoxicological technique for measuring DNA damage in an individual cell using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Cell DNA fragments assume a "comet with tail" formation on electrophoresis and are detected with an image analysis system. Alkaline assay conditions facilitate sensitive detection of single-strand damage.
The movement of CYTOPLASM within a CELL. It serves as an internal transport system for moving essential substances throughout the cell, and in single-celled organisms, such as the AMOEBA, it is responsible for the movement (CELL MOVEMENT) of the entire cell.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.
The process of switching one differentiated cell type into another cell type with a different form and function, such as transdifferentiation from hepatic stellate cells to myofibroblastic cells in liver fibrogenesis.
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