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The present study delineates to develop and explore the possibility of using chitosan-β-cyclodextrin biocomposites as environmentally friendly decontamination agent for removal of imazethapyr and imazamox from soils. The biocomposites were synthesised using ultrasonic assisted technique and characterised by UV-Visible spectrophotometer. The quantification of imazethapyr and imazamox was done using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The adsorption capacity for imazethapyr and imazamox ranged from 0.12 to 1.22 and 0.02 to 1.01 μggmL, respectively in studied soils (p < .05) indicating strong influence of soil properties on adsorption. Desorption studies indicated that distilled water could desorb only 1.23 to 5.48 and 3.11 to 8.63% of adsorbed imazethapyr and imazamox, respectively at high concentrations (1.0 and 10 μg mL) whereas herbicides were not desorbed at low concentrations (0.01 and 0.1 μg mL). The removal of imazethapyr and imazamox from soils were carried out with β-cyclodextrin, chitosan and their biocomposites and the influence of various parameters such as type and concentration of extractant, contact time, liquid to soil ratio, temperature and sequential extraction cycle was investigated. Under optimum conditions, herbicides were successfully desorbed from studied soils using low molecular weight chitosan-β-cyclodextrin biocomposite (LCD) and removal rate varied from 59.42 to 99.44% at initial herbicide concentration of 0.01 to 10 μg mL. The highest removal rate of imazethapyr and imazamox was observed for inceptisol 3 followed by entisol, inceptisol 2, aridisol, inceptisol 1, vertisol and alfisol probably due to differential physico-chemical properties of soil which affected the herbicide-soil interactions. Based on these results, LCD can be regarded as effective and environmentally friendly in situ green extracting agent for remediating soils contaminated with imazethapyr and imazamox.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
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Derivative of beta-cyclodextrin that is used as an excipient for steroid drugs and as a lipid chelator.
A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.
A potent inhibitor of ADENOSINE DEAMINASE. The drug induces APOPTOSIS of LYMPHOCYTES, and is used in the treatment of many lymphoproliferative malignancies, particularly HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA. It is also synergistic with some other antineoplastic agents and has immunosuppressive activity.
A homologous group of cyclic GLUCANS consisting of alpha-1,4 bound glucose units obtained by the action of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on starch or similar substrates. The enzyme is produced by certain species of Bacillus. Cyclodextrins form inclusion complexes with a wide variety of substances.