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Fetal neurosonography and the assessment of the posterior fossa have gained in importance during the last 2 decades primarily due to the development of high-resolution ultrasound probes and the introduction of 3 D sonography. The anatomical development of the posterior fossa can be visualized well with the newest ultrasound technologies. This allows better knowledge of the anatomical structures and helps with understanding of the development of malformations of the posterior fossa. In this article the longitudinal development of the posterior fossa structures will be reviewed. The embryologic description will be compared with ultrasound descriptions. These embryologic and anatomic illustrations form the basis for the screening and diagnosis of malformations of the posterior fossa. During the first trimester, screening for open spina bifida as well as cystic malformations of the posterior fossa is possible. In the second and third trimester, malformations of the posterior fossa can be subdivided into 3 groups: fluid accumulation in the posterior fossa (Dandy-Walker malformation, Blake's pouch cyst, mega cisterna magna, arachnoid cyst, vermian hypoplasia), decreased cerebellar biometrics (volume) (cerebellar hypoplasia, pontocerebellar hypoplasia) and suspicious cerebellar anatomy (Arnold-Chiari malformation, rhombencephalosynapsis, Joubert syndrome). This algorithm, in combination with knowledge of normal development, facilitates the diagnostic workup of malformations of the posterior fossa.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
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The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.
Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A calcification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spinal column, usually at the level of the cervical spine. It is often associated with anterior ankylosing hyperostosis.
The part of the membranous labyrinth that traverses the bony vestibular aqueduct and emerges through the bone of posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) where it expands into a blind pouch called the endolymphatic sac.
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Spinal Cord Disorders
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