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Humoral immunity critically depends on appropriate B cell responses. B cell activation, proliferation, differentiation and antibody secretion are processes carefully orchestrated by a complex network of intracellular signaling pathways and transcription factors. In order to meet the energetic and biosynthetic demands of protein synthesis and cell division, signal transduction pathways reshape the metabolic profile of activated B cells. However, the relationship between signaling and metabolism is by no means unidirectional. Emerging evidence suggests that shifts in available fuel sources and intracellular metabolite concentrations profoundly impact cell fate decisions. The reciprocal regulation of cell signaling and metabolism could potentially be exploited to curb immune dysfunction in metabolic disorders or to antagonize autoimmunity and B cell malignancies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in immunology
Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are immune effector cells very well-suited for immunotherapy, but clinical results have been disappointing in multiple myeloma (MM) and other cancers. We have shown that Vg9Vd2 T cell...
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Hypothesis: Treatment with raltegravir does not alter V(D)J recombination or immune responses to neoantigens. A process known as V(D)J recombination is essential for developing lymphocyte...
The aim of this study is the assessment B-cell immune responses in HIV-infected individuals.
An inhibitory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 PROTEIN. CD274 antigen provides negative signals that control and inhibit T-cell responses and is found at higher than normal levels on tumor cells, suggesting its potential role in TUMOR IMMUNE EVASION.
An inhibitory B7 antigen that contains V-type and C2 type immunoglobulin domains. It has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 PROTEIN and provides negative signals that control and inhibit T-cell responses. It is found at higher than normal levels on tumor cells, suggesting its potential role in TUMOR IMMUNE EVASION.
A ubiquitously-expressed cysteine peptidase that exhibits carboxypeptidase activity. It is highly expressed in a variety of immune cell types and may play a role in inflammatory processes and immune responses.
Soluble factors which stimulate growth-related activities of leukocytes as well as other cell types. They enhance cell proliferation and differentiation, DNA synthesis, secretion of other biologically active molecules and responses to immune and inflammatory stimuli.
The capacity of VACCINES to stimulate the ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE to produce antibodies and antigen-specific T-CELL responses.
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...