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Frequent heavy-metal pollution accidents severely deteriorated the source water quality of drinking water treatment plants (DWTP). Limited data have explicitly addressed the impact of these incidents on bacterial antibiotic resistance (BAR). In present study, we investigated the shift of antibiotic resistome caused by heavy metal pollution incidents via simulating an arsenic shock loading [As (III)], along with the associated risks imposed on drinking water systems. The results indicated that a quick co-selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) was achieved after exposure to 0.2-1 mg/L As (III) for only 6 h, meanwhile, there was an increase of relative abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements. Most of the co-selected BAR could be maintained for at least 4 days in the absence of As (III) and antibiotics, implying that the pollution in source water possibly contributed to the preservation and proliferation of antibiotic resistance determinants in the subsequent DWTP. Bacterial community structure analysis showed a strong correlation between bacterial community shift and BAR promotion, and enrichment of opportunistic bacteria (e.g. Escherichia-Shigella, Empedobacter sp. and Elizabethkingia sp.). The results indicated a potential epidemiological threat to the public due to accident-level arsenic contamination in the source water. This study gave insight into understanding the source water pollution accidents from the perspective of bio-hazard and biological risks, and highlighted a neglected important source of BAR in drinking water systems.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environment international
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A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
Programs and guidelines for selecting optimal ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS regimens in an effort to maintain antibiotic efficacy, reduce CROSS INFECTION related to ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE while managing satisfactory clinical and economic outcomes.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
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Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
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