Peer support specialists and perinatal opioid use disorder: Someone that's been there, lived it, seen it.

07:00 EST 9th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Peer support specialists and perinatal opioid use disorder: Someone that's been there, lived it, seen it."

Perinatal opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased drastically since 2000 and is associated with myriad adverse outcomes. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recommends using peer support services to promote sustained remission from substance use disorders (SUDs). Integrating peer support specialists into perinatal OUD treatment has the potential to improve maternal and child health. However, there is limited published research on the experiences of pregnant and parenting women with peer support specialists during SUD treatment. The purpose of this study was to: (1) describe experiences of perinatal women undergoing OUD treatment with peer support specialists; (2) describe recommendations for improving or enhancing peer support services. For this qualitative descriptive study, we conducted two focus groups in a private location in a clinic that serves postpartum women with OUD (N = 9) who were parenting a child under the age of 5. The focus groups were voice recorded, professionally transcribed, and analyzed in MAXQDA using content analysis. Four themes emerged from the data: Feeling Supported by Peer Support Specialists, Qualities of an 'Ideal' Peer Support Specialist, Strategies to Improve Interactions with Peer Support Specialists, and Importance of Communication Across the Perinatal Period. Participants reported that PSSs had a strong, positive impact on their recovery. Postpartum women report overall positive experiences receiving peer support services during their pregnancy and postpartum period. However, participants offered suggestions to improve their interactions with PSSs, such as clarifying the boundaries between peer supporters and clients. Pregnant and postpartum women in OUD treatment have the potential to benefit from access to PSS throughout their perinatal period. Future research is needed to determine the impact of PSS on sustained recovery for perinatal women with OUD.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Addictive behaviors
ISSN: 1873-6327
Pages: 106204


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11150 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Organizational Climate and Support Among Peer Specialists Working in Peer-Run, Hybrid and Conventional Mental Health Settings.

As the peer specialist workforce continues to expand, it is critical to better understand peer providers' working conditions and workplace experiences. The current study utilized a targeted non-probab...

Opioid Use in Pregnancy.

Perinatal opioid use is a major public health problem and is associated with a number of deleterious maternal and fetal effects. We review recent evidence of perinatal outcomes and treatment of opioid...

Treating perinatal opioid use disorder in rural settings: Challenges and opportunities.

Perinatal opioid use disorder (OUD) is a life-threatening condition that significantly impacts women in rural areas. Medication assisted treatment (MAT) is the recommended treatment but can be difficu...

Consensus and Controversies Between Pain and Addiction Experts on the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management of Prescription Opioid Use Disorder.

Prescription opioid use disorder (POUD) is an established public health crisis in many countries, and current evidence indicates it is a growing problem in Europe. Many specialists play a role, includ...

Innovations in efforts to expand treatment for opioid use disorder.

Fewer than 20% of Americans with opioid use disorder receive empirically-supported treatment. There is a critical need for innovative approaches to support expansion of evidence-based opioid treatment...

Clinical Trials [9345 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The PATH Home Trial: A Comparative Effectiveness Study of Peripartum Opioid Use Disorder in Rural Kentucky

Perinatal opioid use disorder (OUD) is a major health concern in the U.S. with significant impact on mothers, infants, and communities. Investigators at the University of Kentucky/UK Healt...

Evaluation of the Communities of Healing Mentorship/Support Group Program: Assessment of Preliminary Efficacy

The goal of the study is to evaluate two 6-month adjunct interventions (peer mentorship and social support mentorship) for individuals with eating disorders. Individuals will be randomized...

Kentucky Women's Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network

This trial will test the effectiveness of delivering medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) pre-treatment via telehealth, alone and with peer navigation, to increase MOUD initiation and...

Peer Enhanced Prolonged Exposures

The investigators plan to develop and test an intervention using peer specialists (Veterans who have managed PTSD and completed PE) to provide support services for Veterans using prolonged...

Patient-Centered Care for Opioid Use Disorders in Federally Qualified Healthcare Centers and Specialty Care Settings

This study evaluates the effectiveness of integrating empirically-supported treatments for an opioid use disorder into a primary care setting. These treatments will include ASAM Criteria m...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The effect or sway that a PEER GROUP exerts on the beliefs, value systems and behavior of each member of a group. The social expectations for individuals to conform to peer group influence is known as peer pressure.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Kappa opioid receptors bind dynorphins with a higher affinity than endorphins which are themselves preferred to enkephalins.

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...

Searches Linking to this Article