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Peer support specialists and perinatal opioid use disorder: Someone that's been there, lived it, seen it.

07:00 EST 9th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Peer support specialists and perinatal opioid use disorder: Someone that's been there, lived it, seen it."

Perinatal opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased drastically since 2000 and is associated with myriad adverse outcomes. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recommends using peer support services to promote sustained remission from substance use disorders (SUDs). Integrating peer support specialists into perinatal OUD treatment has the potential to improve maternal and child health. However, there is limited published research on the experiences of pregnant and parenting women with peer support specialists during SUD treatment. The purpose of this study was to: (1) describe experiences of perinatal women undergoing OUD treatment with peer support specialists; (2) describe recommendations for improving or enhancing peer support services. For this qualitative descriptive study, we conducted two focus groups in a private location in a clinic that serves postpartum women with OUD (N = 9) who were parenting a child under the age of 5. The focus groups were voice recorded, professionally transcribed, and analyzed in MAXQDA using content analysis. Four themes emerged from the data: Feeling Supported by Peer Support Specialists, Qualities of an 'Ideal' Peer Support Specialist, Strategies to Improve Interactions with Peer Support Specialists, and Importance of Communication Across the Perinatal Period. Participants reported that PSSs had a strong, positive impact on their recovery. Postpartum women report overall positive experiences receiving peer support services during their pregnancy and postpartum period. However, participants offered suggestions to improve their interactions with PSSs, such as clarifying the boundaries between peer supporters and clients. Pregnant and postpartum women in OUD treatment have the potential to benefit from access to PSS throughout their perinatal period. Future research is needed to determine the impact of PSS on sustained recovery for perinatal women with OUD.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Addictive behaviors
ISSN: 1873-6327
Pages: 106204

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The effect or sway that a PEER GROUP exerts on the beliefs, value systems and behavior of each member of a group. The social expectations for individuals to conform to peer group influence is known as peer pressure.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Kappa opioid receptors bind dynorphins with a higher affinity than endorphins which are themselves preferred to enkephalins.

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.

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