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Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive disease with currently no satisfying treatment option available. GBM cells with stem cell properties are thought to be responsible for the initiation and propagation of the disease, as well as main contributors to the emergence of therapy resistance. In this work, we developed a novel method to synthesize fluorescent gold nanoparticles as potential drug and gene delivery systems for GBM therapy, able to penetrate three-dimensional stem cell selected patient-derived GBM neurosphere systems in vitro. By using polyethylene imine (PEI) as a stabilizer and reducing agent, as well as fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) as a fluorescent marker, our fully in-house developed fluorescent gold nanoparticles (AuPEI-FITC NPs) with core sizes between 3 and 6 nm were obtained via a fast microwave-assisted reaction. Cytotoxicity, adsorption and internalization of AuPEI-FITC NPs into the cell lines JHH520, 407 and GBM1 were investigated using the cellular growth assay and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis. AuPEI-FITC NPs showed no apparent cytotoxicity and an uptake in cells of up to ~80%. A differentiation between surface-bound and internalized AuPEI-FITC NPs was possible by quenching extracellular signals. This resulted in a maximal internalization degree of 61%, which depends highly on the synthesis method of the nanoparticles and the cell type tested. The best internalization was found for AuPEI-FITC1 which was prepared in a one pot reaction from KAuCl, PEI and FITC. Thus, appropriately synthesized AuPEI-FITC NPs show great potential as vehicles to transport DNA or drugs in GBM cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of inorganic biochemistry
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