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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious complication of diabetes, which is the main cause of blindness among adults. Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have been proven to delay the development of DR. Nonetheless, the effect of Schizandrin A (SchA) on DR remains uninvestigated. The present study aimed to probe the protective effect of SchA on high-glucose (HG)-induced injury in ARPE-19 cells. We observed that SchA accelerated cell proliferation, prohibited apoptosis, and restrained pro-inflammatory cytokines (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 [MCP-1], interleukin-6 [IL-6], and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α]) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in HG-stimulated cells. Additionally, miR-145 expression was upregulated in HG and SchA co-treated cells, and miR-145 inhibition reversed the protective effect of SchA on HG-managed ARPE-19 cells. Interestingly, downregulated myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) was found in HG and SchA co-treated cells, and upregulation of MyD88 was observed in miR-145 inhibitor-transfected cells. Additionally, SchA hindered nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signaling pathways in HG-treated ARPE-19 cells. The findings validated that SchA could protect ARPE-19 cells from HG-induced cell injury by regulation of miR-145.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids
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The single layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA, situated closely to the tips (outer segments) of the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. These epithelial cells perform essential functions for the photoreceptor cells, such as in nutrient transport, phagocytosis of the shed photoreceptor membranes, and ensuring retinal attachment.
Colloid or hyaline bodies lying beneath the retinal pigment epithelium. They may occur either secondary to changes in the choroid that affect the pigment epithelium or as an autosomal dominant disorder of the retinal pigment epithelium.
The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.
An immortalized cell line derived from human ADENOCARCINOMA, ALVEOLAR basal epithelial cells isolated from the lungs of a male patient in 1972. The cell line is positive for KERATIN, can synthesize LECITHIN, and contains high levels of POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS in its PLASMA MEMBRANE. It is used as a model for PULMONARY ALVEOLI function and virus infections, as a TRANSFECTION host, and for PRECLINICAL DRUG EVALUATION.
A membrane on the vitreal surface of the retina resulting from the proliferation of one or more of three retinal elements: (1) fibrous astrocytes; (2) fibrocytes; and (3) retinal pigment epithelial cells. Localized epiretinal membranes may occur at the posterior pole of the eye without clinical signs or may cause marked loss of vision as a result of covering, distorting, or detaching the fovea centralis. Epiretinal membranes may cause vascular leakage and secondary retinal edema. In younger individuals some membranes appear to be developmental in origin and occur in otherwise normal eyes. The majority occur in association with retinal holes, ocular concussions, retinal inflammation, or after ocular surgery. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p291)
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