SNAP-25 phosphorylation at Ser187 is not involved in Ca or phorbolester-dependent potentiation of synaptic release.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "SNAP-25 phosphorylation at Ser187 is not involved in Ca or phorbolester-dependent potentiation of synaptic release."

SNAP-25, one of the three SNARE-proteins responsible for synaptic release, can be phosphorylated by Protein Kinase C on Ser-187, close to the fusion pore. In neuroendocrine cells, this phosphorylation event potentiates vesicle recruitment into releasable pools, whereas the consequences of phosphorylation for synaptic release remain unclear. We mutated Ser-187 and expressed two mutants (S187C and S187E) in the context of the SNAP-25B-isoform in SNAP-25 knockout glutamatergic autaptic neurons. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were performed to assess the effect of Ser-187 phosphorylation on synaptic transmission. Blocking phosphorylation by expressing the S187C mutant did not affect synapse density, basic evoked or spontaneous neurotransmission, the readily-releasable pool size or its Ca-independent or Ca-dependent replenishment. Furthermore, it did not affect the response to phorbol esters, which activate PKC. Expressing S187C in the context of the SNAP-25A isoform also did not affect synaptic transmission. Strikingly, the - potentially phosphomimetic - mutant S187E reduced spontaneous release and release probability, with the largest effect seen in the SNAP-25B isoform, showing that a negative charge in this position is detrimental for neurotransmission, in agreement with electrostatic fusion triggering. During the course of our experiments, we found that higher SNAP-25B expression levels led to decreased paired pulse potentiation, probably due to higher release probabilities. Under these conditions, the potentiation of evoked EPSCs by phorbol esters was followed by a persistent down-regulation, probably due to a ceiling effect. In conclusion, our results indicate that phosphorylation of Ser-187 in SNAP-25 is not involved in modulation of synaptic release by Ca or phorbol esters.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular and cellular neurosciences
ISSN: 1095-9327
Pages: 103452


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