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Shotgun lipidomics-based characterization of the landscape of lipid metabolism in colorectal cancer.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Shotgun lipidomics-based characterization of the landscape of lipid metabolism in colorectal cancer."

Solid tumors are characterized by global metabolic alterations which contribute to their growth and progression. Altered gene expression profiles and plasma lipid composition suggested a role for metabolic reprogramming in colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, a conclusive picture of CRC-associated lipidome alterations in the tumor tissue has not emerged. Here, we determined molar abundances of 342 species from 20 lipid classes in matched biopsies of CRC and adjacent normal mucosa. We demonstrate that in contrast to previous reports, CRC shows a largely preserved lipidome composition that resembles that of normal colonic mucosa. Important exceptions include increased levels of lyso-phosphatidylinositols in CRC and reduced abundance of ether phospholipids in advanced stages of CRC. As such, our observations challenge the concept of widespread alterations in lipid metabolism in CRC and rather suggest changes in the cellular lipid profile that are limited to selected lipids involved in signaling and the scavenging of reactive oxygen species.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids
ISSN: 1879-2618
Pages: 158579

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