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Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) has been an economically important freshwater species in China because of its good meat quality. In present, the high-density breeding industry has suffered great damage from bacterial infections, in especial, the rapid illness and death of fish caused by bacterial septicemia leads to huge economic losses. Therefore, it is urgent and important to identify pathogenic bacteria and study its pathogenicity. In this study, we isolated a bacterial strain from the yellow catfish with typical septicemia and named it E. 719, then, by morphological observations, regression infection, biochemical identification, 16S rDNA sequence analysis and triple PCR identification, E. 719 was determined to be Edwardsiella ictaluri. Further, we infected yellow catfish with E. ictaluri to study its effects on mortality rate, hematological, histopathological disturbances and expression of immune genes. The mortality results showed that E. ictaluri was highly pathogenic, all infected fish died after 14 days post injection, and the distribution of bacteria in body kidney, spleen, liver, head kidney and brain of fish was continuously detected by measuring the amount of bacteria in the tissues. In addition, the number of red blood cells decreased significantly with the time of infection, while the number of white blood cells and thrombocytes increased. In particular, the number of monocytes and neutrophils increased significantly in the differential leucocyte count (DLC). Histopathologic changes observed by HE staining showed similar results, gill, intestine, spleen and head kidney showed obvious inflammation, bleeding and necrosis. Besides, checking by real time quantitative RT-PCR assays, in both spleen and head kidney tissues which were the major immune organs, mRNA expressions of immune gene IL-1β, TNF-α, and MR significantly increased in the early and middle stages of infection, which suggested that the infection of E. ictaluri caused a strong immune response in yellow catfish. This study provides a preliminary basis for the diagnosis and treatment of pathophysiology septicemia in yellow catfish induced by E. ictaluri.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
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The genetic region which contains the loci of genes which determine the structure of the serologically defined (SD) and lymphocyte-defined (LD) TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS, genes which control the structure of the IMMUNE RESPONSE-ASSOCIATED ANTIGENS, HUMAN; the IMMUNE RESPONSE GENES which control the ability of an animal to respond immunologically to antigenic stimuli, and genes which determine the structure and/or level of the first four components of complement.
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A ubiquitously-expressed cysteine peptidase that exhibits carboxypeptidase activity. It is highly expressed in a variety of immune cell types and may play a role in inflammatory processes and immune responses.
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A conserved AMINO ACID SEQUENCE located in the intracellular domains of a family of transmembrane proteins involved in various IMMUNE RESPONSES. The CONSENSUS SEQUENCE of this motif is YXXL(or I)X(6-8)YXXL(or I) (where X denotes any amino acid). When phosphorylated ITAM motifs provide docking sites for PROTEIN TYROSINE KINASES of the Syk family thus forming signaling complexes which lead to activation of immune responses.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
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