Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
C-type lectins are Ca-dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins containing one or more carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). C-type lectins play crucial roles in innate immunity, including nonself-recognition and pathogen elimination. In the present study, two C-type lectins (designated ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2) were identified from the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata which dwells in deep-sea hydrothermal vents. The open reading frames of ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 encoded polypeptides of 171 and 166 amino acids respectively, which were both composed of a signal peptide and a single CRD. The key motifs determining the carbohydrate binding specificity of ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 were respectively Glu-Pro-Ala (EPA) and Gln-Pro-Asn (QPN), which were firstly discovered in R. exoculata. ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 displayed similar pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) binding features and they bound three PAMPs-β-glucan, lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan-with relatively high affinity. In addition, both could efficiently recognize and bind Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. However, ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 exhibited different microbial agglutination activities: ReCTL-1 agglutinated Staphylococcus aureus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, while ReCTL-2 agglutinated Micrococcus luteus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and V. fluvialis. Both ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 inhibited the growth of V. fluvialis. All these results illustrated that ReCTL-1 and ReCTL-2 could function as important pattern-recognition receptors with broad nonself-recognition spectra and be involved in immune defense against invaders, but their specificities are not the same. In addition, the two ReCTLs possessed different carbohydrate binding specificities from each other and from the classical pattern: ReCTL-1 with an EPA motif bound d-galactose and l-mannose, while ReCTL-2 with a QPN motif bound d-fucose and N-acetylglucosamine.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
Rimicaris exoculata (Decapoda: Bresiliidae) is one of the dominant species of hydrothermal vent communities, which inside its gill chamber harbors ectosymbioses with taxonomic invariability while comp...
Lectins are unique biorecognition molecules that identify cell surface carbohydrates/glycoproteins and play significant role in various interactions. They are ubiquitous glycan-specific proteins/glyco...
Lectins are unique biorecognition proteins which recognize and interact with various cell surface carbohydrates/glycoproteins. These ubiquitous molecules are involved in various cell-cell interactions...
Lectins are proteins that can bind specifically and reversibly to carbohydrates. This capacity gives lectins multiple biological roles and biotechnological applications. Although lectins can be found ...
Carbohydrate-binding proteins, also known as lectins, are valuable tools for biotechnology, including pharmacological uses. Mannose lectins obtained from plant and animal sources are applied to protec...
Effects of Smartphone Use at Night with Light Emitting Diode Display With and Without Blue Light in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-blind, Cross-over, Placebo-controlled Comparison
To assess the clinical utility of the graphical medication monitor, results of the anesthetics for which the display was present will be compared to the results of the anesthetics in which...
This is a feasibility pilot study to introduce and evaluate an intervention designed to increase clinician awareness of their patients' urinary catheters, vascular catheters, and pressure ...
The investigators' overarching goal is to investigate whether use of an augmented reality display system (utilized in addition to, not as a replacement to, conventional CT and MRI displays...
The goal of this study is to examine the ability of optical head‐mounted display technology to enlarge the visual field of patients with severe visual field loss due to retinal dystrophy...
A class of animal lectins that bind to carbohydrate in a calcium-dependent manner. They share a common carbohydrate-binding domain that is structurally distinct from other classes of lectins.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
A class of animal lectins that bind specifically to beta-galactoside in a calcium-independent manner. Members of this class are distiguished from other lectins by the presence of a conserved carbohydrate recognition domain. The majority of proteins in this class bind to sugar molecules in a sulfhydryl-dependent manner and are often referred to as S-type lectins, however this property is not required for membership in this class.
Stucturally-related receptors that are typically found on NATURAL KILLER CELLS. They are considered lectin-like proteins in that they share sequence homology with the carbohydrate binding domains of C-TYPE LECTINS. They differ from classical C-type lectins, however, in that they appear to lack CALCIUM-binding domains.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...