Topics

DEHP induces immunosuppression through disturbing inflammatory factors and CYPs system homeostasis in common carp neutrophils.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "DEHP induces immunosuppression through disturbing inflammatory factors and CYPs system homeostasis in common carp neutrophils."

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a common pollutant in the water environment, has been reported to be associated with immune functions, especially aquatic organisms. However, whether DEHP exposure causes neutrophils toxicity in common carp is still unclear. To investigate the toxic effect of DEHP on immune functions, common carp neutrophils were exposed to DEHP (40 μmol/L and 200 μmol/L) for 2 h. The common carp neutrophils exposed to DEHP showed a decrease in neutrophil phagocytosis rate compared with control group. DEHP exposure induced a significant decrease in mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines-related genes (Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, transforming growth factor, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-R1, TNF-T1, Interferon (IFN)-2a, IFN-g2b, IFN-g1) in common carp neutrophils, while the expression levels of IL-1β and IL-10 were increased compared with control group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the detection of cytochrome P450 enzyme related genes showed that the mRNA expression levels of CYP (cytochrome P450 proteins)-1A, CYP-1B1, CYP-C1, CYP-2K were significantly decreased, and the mRNA expression level of CYP-3A was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). The results indicated that DEHP could affect the phagocytic ability of neutrophils by regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines and disrupting cytochrome P450 homeostasis, which caused the immunosuppression in common carp.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16678 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) induces apoptosis and autophagy of mouse GC-1 spg cells.

As a widely used plasticizer in industry, di-2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) can cause testicular toxicity, yet little is known about the potential mechanism. In this study, DEHP exposure dramatically in...

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate induces cytotoxicity in HEK-293 cell line, implication of the Nrf-2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.

The di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer used in the polyvinyl chloride industry. Human exposure to this plasticizer is inevitable and contributes to several side effects. In this study...

Peroxiredoxin 5 prevents diethylhexyl phthalate-induced neuronal cell death by inhibiting mitochondrial fission in mouse hippocampal HT-22 cells.

Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is used in many plastic products, such as perfumes, lunch boxes, bags, and building materials. As DEHP is not covalently bound to the plastic, humans can be easily expose...

Effects of α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2) and diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) on growth performance, antioxidant status and immune response of juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.

The four experimental groups were carried out to test the response of yellow catfish to EE2 and DEHP: control group was exposed to DMSO; EE2 group was exposed to 1.0 μg/L EE2; DEHP group was expose...

Effects of di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and high-fat diet on lipid metabolism in rats by JAK2/STAT5.

Exposure to di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) induces lipid metabolism disorder and high-fat diet (HD) may have joint effects with DEHP. We aim to clarify the role of JAK2/STAT5 pathway in the proces...

Clinical Trials [6569 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Disturbing Factors in the Operating Room

Observation of disturbing factors in the operating room and comparison between day and night shift. We have chosen to observe kidney transplantations, since this type of operation has the ...

Safety Outcomes of Lower Immunosuppression Versus Traditional Immunosuppression in Heart Transplant Recipients

This is a study to compare less intense immunosuppression with a more traditional approach. The hypothesis is that less immunosuppression will provide similar protection against rejection ...

Removal of Dermal Exposure to Phthalate Ester by Hand Washing

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness in removing chemical exposure on hand, we compare removal efficiency of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) on hands by hand washing wit...

Effects of Periodontal Treatment on HIV-infected Patients

Periodontal diseases, such as chronic periodontitis (CP), frequently occur in immunosuppressed patients, including HIV-infected patients. The immunosuppression resulted by the HIV infectio...

Perioperative TEAS to Improve Post Cardiac Surgery Immunosuppression: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Cardiac surgery usually leads to postoperative immunosuppression, which is characterized by predisposition to develop secondary nosocomial infections and high risk of tumorigenesis and dev...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A member of the CXC chemokine family that plays a role in the regulation of the acute inflammatory response. It is secreted by variety of cell types and induces CHEMOTAXIS of NEUTROPHILS and other inflammatory cells.

A technique that induces the processing of disturbing memories and experiences, by stimulating neural mechanisms that are similar to those activated during REM sleep. The technique consists of eye movements following side-to-side movements of the index and middle fingers, or the alternate tapping of the hands on the knees. This procedure triggers the processing of information, thus facilitating the connection of neural networks.

Conditions in which there is histological damage to the lower epidermis along with a grouped chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the papillary dermis disturbing the interface between the epidermis and dermis. LICHEN PLANUS is the prototype of all lichenoid eruptions. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p398)

An early local inflammatory reaction to insult or injury that consists of fever, an increase in inflammatory humoral factors, and an increased synthesis by hepatocytes of a number of proteins or glycoproteins usually found in the plasma.

The smaller fragment generated from the cleavage of complement C3 by C3 CONVERTASE. C3a, a 77-amino acid peptide, is a mediator of local inflammatory process. It induces smooth MUSCLE CONTRACTION, and HISTAMINE RELEASE from MAST CELLS and LEUKOCYTES. C3a is considered an anaphylatoxin along with COMPLEMENT C4A; COMPLEMENT C5A; and COMPLEMENT C5A, DES-ARGININE.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Biological Therapy
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...

Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...


Searches Linking to this Article