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Protective effect of Liraglutide on diabetic retinal neurodegeneration via inhibiting oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Protective effect of Liraglutide on diabetic retinal neurodegeneration via inhibiting oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress."

Diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration occurs before visible microvascular abnormalities. Hyperglycemia-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (ERS) and oxidative stress(OS) were considered as the important factors during diabetic retinopathy development. Liraglutide (LIRA), a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue, is widely used in the clinic and also proved having protective effect on neurodegenerative diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of LIRA on diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration and underlying mechanisms. In vivo, a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ) injection were used inducing diabetes model. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used for morphological observation and measuring retinal thickness. In vitro, Neuro2a cells were cultured in normal and high-glucose conditions. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze apoptosis. Additionally, Western blotting and Immunohistochemistry were carried out to detect proteins expression. The retinal thickness was decreased in diabetes. However, the retinal thickness reducing was delay after LIRA treatment in diabetes. In vitro, the apoptosis percentage, ROS production and the expression of ERS related protein GRP78, ASK1, p-IRE1α was increased and the expression of Nrf2, p-Erk1/2, Trx was decreased after HG treatment, However, the apoptosis percentage, generation of ROS and the expression of GRP78, ASK1, p-IRE1 were decreased. The expression of Nrf2, p-Erk1/2, Trx was increased significantly after LIRA treatment. Taken together, our results indicated that LIRA can alleviates diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration which activated Erk pathway inhibiting OS and regulated the Trx-ASK1complex inhibiting ERS.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurochemistry international
ISSN: 1872-9754
Pages: 104624

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